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Study On Activities Of Rice Mills In Mekong Delta
Thứ năm, 13-03-2014 | 13:39:19

Nguyen Cong Thanh(1), Bui Dinh Duong(2), Tran Van Hien(2),Nguyen Huu Minh(2) and Manish Signh(3)

(1). Institute of Agricultural Science for Southern Vietnam, 121 Nguyen Binh Khiem, Str., Dist. 1, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

(2). Cuu Long Delta Rice Research Institute, Thoi Lai, Can Tho, Vietnam

(3). Foretell Business Solution, India.




The study showed that capacity of rice milling plants ranged from 30 tons to 500 tons per day, average of 170.2 tons/day. There were 20% millers operated over ideal capacity / year, from 130 – 141%. However, almost millers (80%) operated below ideal capacity/year. The paddy inputs among millers were ranged from 6 tons to 500 tons/day, average with 136 tons/day. The percentage of head rice recovery for brown rice was the highest in Winter Spring season (Dong Xuan), followed by Autumn Winter season (Thu Dong), then Summer Autumn (He Thu) with the value of 73.44%, 71.67% and 68.81%, respectively. In case of IR50404, the head rice recovery was the highest among other rice varieties. This was one of the reasons why this variety was grown in large scale area even it exhibited very low uality. For grain moisture, it rangedfrom 15% to 18% before milling. The ideal moisture content of paddy milled was 14-16%. The status of rice husk consumption was not stable in the output with beneficial to millers, consumers and environment. For the low quality rice varieties such as IR50404, OM576, occupied in total paddy milled range from 10-80%, average of 48%. The varieties with moderate quality occupied 35%, and high quality one was only 20%. The suitable channel for input and output of the millers showed in three processes: rice from farmers and trades were sold to millers at there, rice milled into brown rice which sold to the rice polishing millers and then sold to the exporting companies. This channel indicated the high specialization but it occupied only 33% in the system. The study was also synthesized 11 main constraints, which millers faced in their rice processing activities and 10 important suggestions aimed to improve and develop rice-processing sector for export in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam.

From: Omonrice 19: 201-213 (2013)

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