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2013 Agricultural Achievements and Restructuring
Monday, 2014/01/20 | 16:32:04

 

Bui Chi Buu

January 2014

 

During 2010-13 periods Vietnam will grow at a slower pace than Indonesia and Philippines - first time in two decades. Real GDP grew by 5.25 percent. However, stable exchange rate was noticed, VN Dong depreciated by 1.6% percent in the past 12 months (average exchange rate by commercial banks), and inflation lowered 6.7% - 6.2%. Vietnam has successfully struggle to meet its 2013 growth target without pumping money into the economy. Vietnam has become an official negotiating partner in the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement (TPP) in 2010 up to now. Agriculture's share of economic output has continued to shrink from about 25% in 2000 to less than 22% in 2012, while industry's share increased from 36% to nearly 41% in the same period. In Vietnam today, the agriculture obviously demonstrates its efficient production to significantly contribute to the finance crisis solving with the increased production value of 2.87% as compared to 2012. 

Although Vietnam unveiled a broad, "three pillar" economic reform program in early 2012, proposing the restructuring of public investment, state-owned enterprises, and the banking sector, little perceptible progress had been made by early 2013. Vietnam's economy continues to face challenges from an undercapitalized banking sector. Non-performing loans weigh heavily on banks and businesses.

In 2013, we looked forward to new horizons of agricultural research and imagined how it can change our farmer life for the better income. The total export turnover of agro-forestry and fisheries exceeded the sector's annual target, hitting a record of US$ 27.5 billion in 2013, up nearly 0.7% as compared to 2012 (the surplus of $ 8.5 billion). 

 

Rice growing areas developed 7.90 million ha (139,000 ha increased) with rice production of 44.1 MT (0.8% increased) and average yield of 5.56 t/ha (1.07% decreased). The milled rice export of 6.68 MT obtained the turnover value of $ 2.89 billion (18.7% decreased) in 2013. 

Fruit orchards developed roughly 1 million ha ha with production of 930,000 T(3.1% increased). The export turnover of fruit and vegetable offered a new record of $ 964.54 million (25.7% increased). Particularly, 850,000 ha were improved to be intensively practised. 

Maize growing area is 1.16 M ha with average yield of 4.45 t/ha (0.14 ton increased). Total maize production gained 5.15 MT (321 thousand ton increased).

 

Cassava growing area is 584,000 ha (4,000 ha decreased) and obtained 9.74 MT  with cassava productivity of 17,78 t/ha (0.14 ton increased). 

Vegetable areas increased up to 834,500 ha (11,900 ha increased) with the average yield of 17.75 t/ha (1.19 t/ha increased) and the production of 14.91 MT (982,000 ton increased). 

Sugarcane developed 309,700 ha with the production of 20 MT (969,000 ton increased) and average yield of 64.5 t/ha (1.5 ton/ha increased). 

Soybean growing area is 114,500 ha (5,100 ha decreased due to reduced winter soybean areas in rice-based systems) with the production of 175,000 ton and the average yield of 1.53 t/ha. 

Groundnut growing area is 217,500 ha (1,800 ha decreased) with the production of 515,000 ton (47,000 ton increased) and the average yield of 2.37 t/ha (3.23% increased).

 

Rubber area is 970,000 ha (over 170,000 ha as compared to plan) including 525,000 ha for production of 867,000 ton of latex (0.5% increased) plus new plantation of 60,000 ha. The average yield offered 1.72 t/ha. Due to the typhoon, 16,500 ha must be replanted.

Cashew nut cultivated area is 310,000 ha (16,000 ha decreased) with the productivity of 0.93 t/ha and the production of 285,000 ton (10,000 ton decreased). Raw materials imported from Africa occupied 50% of the demand.

Black pepper is welcome to its promotion of 60,000 ha (1,000 ha increased) including 47,000 ha for production with good price in the market. Pepper production obtained 125,000 (12,200 ton increased) and the average yield gained 2.48 t/ha. 

Coffee growing areas is 630,000 ha (over 140,000 ha as GOV projection) including 580,300 ha for production with the average yield of 2.15 t/ha (0.1 ton / ha decreased to to drought stress) and the production of 1.25 MT. The newly replanted areas obtained 21,500 ha in 2013.

Tea growing area is 130,000 ha with the production of 960,000 ton (40,000 ton increased) and the average yield of 7.96 t/ha. The newly replanted areas accounted for 53% to be ready in harvesting mechanization.

Coconut cultivated area is 145,000 ha including 128,000 ha for production with the average yield of 9.45 t/ha and the production of 1.21 MT.

In 2013, 8,500 ha of vegetable, fruit, tea, rice, ha offered VietGAP; particularly, Binh Thuan dragon fruit of over 7,000 ha. There were 500 ha of vegetable and fruit, which received Global GAP. Over 200,000 ha of coffee, cocoa offered 4C, UTZ Certified. Rainforest Alliance certified tea-growing areas of over 2,000 ha.

 

The livestock population of the country in the year varied a little bit due to market price fluctuation and epidemic diseases. The head populations decreased but productivity increased due to the effective technologies, and significant contribution of husbandry science. 

Pig developed 26.79 million heads (1.1 % increased) with the increased meat production of 2.1%. 

Poultry developed 322.34 million birds (4.5% increased) with the increased meat and egg production of 4.7% and 10.3%, respectively (730,000 ton of meat and 7.30 billion egg). 

Cattle developed over 5 million heads (1.1% increased) including pull-ox decrease of 5.4%, dairy cow increase of 10.5% with the total dairy product of 425,400 ton

Buffalo developed 3.60 million heads (1.1% decreased) with the increased meat production of 0.8%. 

 

Generally, in husbandry, total meat production obtained 4.44 million ton (4% increased as compared to the last year). 

 

To guarantee continued adequacy of food supplies for domestic consumers as well as for export, the government needs to make investments in new technology and rural infrastructure, with the emphasis of agricultural restructuring. The new vision for agriculture facilitates partnership-building and action among key stakeholders including business, government, civil society, international organizations and academia. It claims to promote models of agricultural growth that contribute to food security, environmental sustainability and economic opportunity.

 

The urgent need to promote the restructuring of agriculture for strong and sustainable development as followed:

  • - to further promote agricultural products to consumers nationwide
  • - to carry out programmes to prevent post-harvest loss,
  • - to take measures to solve farmers’ difficulties,
  • - to help cope with climate change and rduce risks for the farmers
  • - to deal with the difficulties as the price of farming products falls and enterprises are unable to access sources of capital.

 

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