Welcome To Website IAS

Hot news
Achievement

Independence Award

- First Rank - Second Rank - Third Rank

Labour Award

- First Rank - Second Rank -Third Rank

National Award

 - Study on food stuff for animal(2005)

 - Study on rice breeding for export and domestic consumption(2005)

VIFOTEC Award

- Hybrid Maize by Single Cross V2002 (2003)

- Tomato Grafting to Manage Ralstonia Disease(2005)

- Cassava variety KM140(2010)

Centres
Website links
Vietnamese calendar
Library
Visitors summary
 Curently online :  5
 Total visitors :  4647971

Drought-prone landscape turns green
Thursday, 2020/08/13 | 08:28:57

ICRISAT -  Jul 31, 2020

 

Farm ponds, revived soils and improved crop varieties lead to a more productive rural Odisha

Figure: Farmer Pabitra Majhi’s farm in Ranibahal village, Kalahandi district, Odisha. Photos: ICRISAT Development Center

 

Kalahandi district in Odisha, India, has suffered from repeated droughts and famines for several decades, causing great hardships to the local farmers. A holistic intervention is helping 8,500 farmers in 10 villages boost farm yields by increasing water availability, enhancing soil fertility and providing improved crop varieties. A total of 32 farm ponds have alleviated water scarcity in the area. A yield increase of up to 50% was seen due to these collaborative efforts with the Power Grid Corporation Limited in this region.

 

The Power Grid Corporation of India Limited has collaborated with ICRISAT to develop a scalable ‘site of learning’ to improve livelihoods of smallholders in a 2,500-ha area comprising 10 villages in Jaipatna block, Kalahandi district, Odisha, which is home to 8,500 people.

 

The watershed program, started in late October 2019, included planning and implementation of rainwater management interventions, soil health rejuvenation, improved crops/systems, nutri-gardens and livestock activities for women and fruit plantations for enhancing system productivity.

 

 On-field Interventions

 

In an effort to bridge the yield gap between farmers of this region and those at the national level, efforts were first focused on efficient rainwater management and soil rejuvenation, along with improved cropping management (http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/9781786394514.0021 ; https://youtu.be/PJoFMQxf7Jc).

 

On-farm rainwater storage solutions are an important component towards drought-proofing, crop production intensification and diversification (http://drylandsystems.cgiar.org/outcome-stories/small-ponds-make-big-progress-among-farmers-india). So far, in 2020, 32 farm-ponds have been constructed in 7 of the 10 villages. In the present COVID-19 outbreak situation, these ponds will give farmers easy access to water so that they can continue agricultural activities without any constraints.

 

Ensuring soil health

 

Soil health mapping of the watershed villages showed widespread soil degradation and low soil organic carbon levels. Around 37% of the farmers’ fields were low in soil organic carbon, indicating nitrogen deficiency as well. Upon further investigation, deficiencies in phosphorus (49% of fields), sulphur (86%), zinc (53%) and boron (90%) were revealed. Based on the results, demonstrations were conducted during post-rainy season of 2019-20 in 226 farmers’ fields with micro/secondary nutrient fertilizers and improved varieties of crops. The data collected from farmers’ green gram fields showed yield gains of around 30% with improved varieties and up to 50% with improved varieties and micronutrient application.

 

Empowering women

 

About 180 women farmers were provided vegetable seeds to set up small nutri-gardens for improving household nutrition. During the current 2020 rainy season, along with establishment of fruit plants in fallow/marginal lands to improve the overall system productivity, the focus is also towards improving livestock productivity through improved feed/fodder schedules (https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-29918-7_9).

 

To see how such low-cost strategies have helped farmers in Southern India in another project supported by Power Grid Corporation, click here: https://www.icrisat.org/low-cost-drought-proofing-strategies-help-farmers-in-southern-india/.

 

For more on our work in the area of Natural Resource Management, click here.

Back      Print      View: 42

[ Other News ]___________________________________________________
  • Egypt Holds Workshop on New Biotech Applications
  • UN Agencies Urge Transformation of Food Systems
  • Taiwan strongly supports management of brown planthopper—a major threat to rice production
  • IRRI Director General enjoins ASEAN states to invest in science for global food security
  • Rabies: Educate, vaccinate and eliminate
  • “As a wife I will help, manage, and love”: The value of qualitative research in understanding land tenure and gender in Ghana
  • CIP Director General Wells Reflects on CIP’s 45th Anniversary
  • Setting the record straight on oil palm and peat in SE Asia
  • Why insect pests love monocultures, and how plant diversity could change that
  • Researchers Modify Yeast to Show How Plants Respond to Auxin
  • GM Maize MIR162 Harvested in Large Scale Field Trial in Vinh Phuc, Vietnam
  • Conference Tackles Legal Obligations and Compensation on Biosafety Regulations in Vietnam
  • Iloilo Stakeholders Informed about New Biosafety Regulations in PH
  • Global wheat and rice harvests poised to set new record
  • GM Maize Harvested in Vietnam Field Trial Sites
  • New label for mountain products puts premium on biological and cultural diversity
  • The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2016
  • Shalabh Dixit: The link between rice genes and rice farmers
  • People need affordable food, but prices must provide decent livelihoods for small-scale family farmers
  • GM Seeds Market Growth to Increase through 2020 Due to Rise in Biofuels Use

 

Designed & Powered by WEBSO CO.,LTD