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Genetic control of Fusarium head blight resistance in two Yangmai 158-derived recombinant inbred line populations
Thursday, 2021/09/23 | 07:49:27

Haisheng YanGuoqiang LiJinxing ShiShunShun TianXiaoqiu ZhangRui ChengXin WangYang YuanShouyang CaoJiyang ZhouZhongxin KongHaiyan Jia & Zhengqiang Ma

Theoretical and Applied Genetics September 2021; vol. 134:3037–3049

 

Figure: Symptom of wheat Fusarium head blight.

Key message

Stably expressed type I and type II resistance QTL were identified using two Yangmai 158-derived RIL populations, and plant-height and flowering-time QTL intervals detected did not contribute to the FHB resistance variations.

Abstract

Yangmai 158 (Y158) is an elite wheat cultivar widely grown in China with stable Fusarium head blight (FHB) resistance. To enrich the genetic basis underlying FHB resistance, QTL mapping was conducted using two recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations derived from crosses of Y158 with susceptible lines Annong 8455 and Veery. Survey with makers linked to Fhb1Fhb2Fhb4 and Fhb5 in resistance cultivar Wangshuibai indicated that both Y158 and the susceptible lines do not contain these QTL. The RIL populations were surveyed with 65 PCR markers and 55 K chip, which generated 23,159 valid marker data, to produce genetic maps for whole genome scanning of quantitative trait loci (QTL). A total of six QTL, all with the Y158 alleles for better resistance and including one stably expressed QTL for type I resistance (Qfhi.nau-2D) and one stably expressed QTL for type II resistance (Qfhs.nau-2A), were identified. Moreover, taking advantage of the great genetic variations in plant height and flowering time, QTL conditioning these two traits were determined. Of six plant-height QTL and three flowering-time QTL intervals detected, none were associated with FHB resistance. The FHB resistance QTL in Y158 were shown to be useful alternatives in FHB resistance breeding programs. The SNP markers flanking Qfhs.nau-2A and Qfhi.nau-2D have been converted to breeder-friendly PCR-based markers to facilitate their applications.

 

See: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-021-03876-1

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