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Genotypic Variation in Spatial Distribution of Fe in Rice Grains in Relation to Phytic Acid Content and Ferritin Gene Expression
Thursday, 2020/07/23 | 08:48:18

Anurag Mishra, Md. Shamim. Md. Wasim Siddiqui, Akanksha Singh, Deepti Srivastava, K.N. Singh

 

Rice Science; May 2020, 27(3):227-236

 

Abstract

 

Rice varieties having high Fe concentration in the endospermic region can be used as a good source for Fe deficit population. In this study, 303 Oryza sativa varieties and 1 Oryza rufipogon accession were assessed for spatial Fe accumulation in grains by Prussian blue staining method. Spatial ferritin protein distribution in grains was visualized by immunohistochemistry, and ferritin expression was assessed in selected rice varieties using semi-quantitative reverse transcription PCR. Three popular rice varieties, namely Sarjoo 52, Madhukar and Jalmagna, and the O. rufipogon variety showed Fe in all the regions of grains, and the highest Fe concentration was observed in the embryo region. Some high-yielding varieties like Swarna, Swarna Sub 1, CSR13 and NDRR359 had lower Fe concentration in the embryo region. The highest Fe concentration was detected in O. rufipogon (49.8 μg/g), followed by Sarjoo 52 (26.1 μg/g) and Madhukar (25.7 μg/g). Phytic acid concentration was the minimum in O. rufipogon (5.75 mg/g) followed by Sarjoo 52 (5.83 mg/g). Western blot and semi-quantitative reverse transcription PCR showed higher expression of ferritin gene in O. rufipogon, Sarjoo 52 and Madhukar. In conclusion, O. rufipogon and Sarjoo 52 had higher Fe concentration in the embryo regions as well as endosperm and aleurone layer, whereas the other varieties had lower Fe concentration in the endosperm. Sarjoo 52 could be used as a donor in the rice breeding program for the generation of new varieties with elevated grain Fe concentration.

 

See https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1672630820300238

 

Figure 6: Semi-quantitative RT-PCR analysis of different rice varieties.

A, Ferritin expression in grains.

B, Rice actin gene was used as template loading control on 1.5% agarose gel. 1 to 12, O. rufipogon mature, O. rufipogon premature, Madhukar mature, Sarjoo 52 premature, Jalmagna mature, Jalmagna premature, Swarnamature, Swarna Sub 1 mature and Swarna Sub 1 premature grains, respectively.

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