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Identification of QTLs for resistance to leaf spots in cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) through GWAS analysis
Wednesday, 2020/07/01 | 08:55:29

Hui ZhangYe ChuPhat DangYueyi TangTao JiangJosh Paul ClevengerPeggy Ozias-AkinsCorley HolbrookMing Li WangHoward CampbellAustin Hagan & Charles Chen

Theoretical and Applied Genetics – July 2020; volume 133:2051–2061

Figure: Leaf Spot Symptom in Peanut (Arachis hypogea L.)

 

Key message

 

Two QTLs on ChrB09 significantly associated with both early and late leaf spots were identified by genome-wide association study in the US peanut mini-core collection.

 

Abstract

 

Early leaf spot (ELS) and late leaf spot (LLS) are two serious peanut diseases in the USA, causing tens of millions of dollars of annual economic losses. However, the genetic factors underlying resistance to those diseases in peanuts have not been well-studied. We conducted a genome-wide association study for the two peanut diseases using Affymetrix version 2.0 SNP array with 120 genotypes mainly coming from the US peanut mini-core collection. A total of 46 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) were identified with phenotypic variation explained (PVE) from 10.19 to 24.11%, in which eighteen QTLs are for resistance to ELS and 28 QTLs for LLS. Among the 46 QTLs, there were four and two major QTLs with PVE higher than 16.99% for resistance ELS and LLS, respectively. Of the six major QTLs, five were located on the B sub-genome and only one was on the A sub-genome, which suggested that the B sub-genome has more potential resistance genomic regions than the A sub-genome. In addition, two genomic regions on chromosome B09 were found to provide significant resistance to both ELS and LLS. A total of 74 non-redundant genes were identified as resistance genes, among which, twelve candidate genes were in significant genomic regions including two candidate genes for both ELS and LLS, and other ten candidate genes for ELS. The QTLs and candidate genes obtained from this study will be useful to breed peanuts for resistances to the diseases.

 

See https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-020-03576-2

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