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Identifying a wild allele conferring small seed size, high protein content and low oil content using chromosome segment substitution lines in soybean
Wednesday, 2019/10/16 | 08:20:41

Hongyan Yang, Wubin Wang, Qingyuan He, Shihua Xiang, Dong Tian, Tuanjie Zhao, Junyi Gai

Theoretical and Applied Genetics, October 2019, Volume 132, Issue 10, pp 2793–2807

Key message

A wild soybean allele conferring 100-seed weight, protein content and oil content simultaneously was fine-mapped to a 329-kb region on Chromosome 15, in which Glyma.15g049200 was predicted a candidate gene.

Abstract

Annual wild soybean characterized with small 100-seed weight (100SW), high protein content (PRC), low oil content (OIC) may contain favourable alleles for broadening the genetic base of cultivated soybeans. To evaluate these alleles, a population composed of 195 chromosome segment substitution lines (SojaCSSLP4), with wild N24852 as donor and cultivated NN1138-2 as recurrent parent, was tested. In SojaCSSLP4, 10, 9 and 8 wild segments/QTL were detected for 100SW, PRC and OIC, respectively. Using a backcross-derived secondary population, one segment for the three traits (q100SW15qPro15 and qOil15) and one for 100SW (q100SW18.2) were fine-mapped into a 329-kb region on chromosome 15 and a 286-kb region on chromosome 18, respectively. Integrated with the transcription data in SoyBase, 42 genes were predicted in the 329-kb region where Glyma.15g049200 showed significant expression differences at all seed development stages. Furthermore, the Glyma.15g049200 segments of the two parents were sequenced and compared, which showed two base insertions in CDS (coding sequence) in the wild N24852 comparing to the NN1138-2. Since only Glyma.15g049200 performed differential CDS between the two parents but related to the three traits, Glyma.15g049200 was predicted a pleiotropic candidate gene for 100SW, PRC and OIC. The functional annotation of Glyma.15g049200 indicated a bidirectional sucrose transporter belonging to MtN3/saliva family which might be the reason that this gene provides a same biochemical basis for 100SW, PRC and OIC, therefore, is responsible for the three traits. This result may facilitate isolation of the specific gene and provide prerequisite for understanding the other two pleiotropic QTL.

 

See https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-019-03388-z

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