Welcome To Website IAS

Hot news
Achievement

Independence Award

- First Rank - Second Rank - Third Rank

Labour Award

- First Rank - Second Rank -Third Rank

National Award

 - Study on food stuff for animal(2005)

 - Study on rice breeding for export and domestic consumption(2005)

VIFOTEC Award

- Hybrid Maize by Single Cross V2002 (2003)

- Tomato Grafting to Manage Ralstonia Disease(2005)

- Cassava variety KM140(2010)

Centres
Website links
Vietnamese calendar
Library
Visitors summary
 Curently online :  13
 Total visitors :  4972288

Improved rice cooking approach to maximise arsenic removal while preserving nutrient elements
Saturday, 2021/01/09 | 11:43:14

Manoj MenonWanrong DongXumin ChenJoseph HuftonEdward J Rhodes

Sci. Total Environ. 2021 Feb 10;755(Pt 2):143341.  doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143341.

Abstract

Inorganic arsenic (iAs) is a group 1 carcinogen, and consumption of rice can be a significant pathway of iAs exposure in the food chain. Although there are regulations in place to control iAs for marketed rice in some countries, additional measures are explored to remove arsenic from rice. Due to the surface-bound and soluble nature of iAs, previous studies have shown that it can be removed to a significant extent using different cooking methods. Towards this goal we modified and tested the absorption method in combination with four home-friendly cooking treatments (UA = unwashed and absorbed, WA = washed and absorbed, PSA = pre-soaked and absorbed, and PBA = parboiled and absorbed) using both brown and white rice (3 types each). The nutrient elements were measured using ICP-MS and arsenic speciation was carried out using LC-ICP-MS. Overall, our results show that PBA was the optimum approach assessed, removing 54% and 73% of inorganic arsenic (iAs) for brown and white rice respectively, raising the margin of exposure (MOE) by 3.7 for white rice and 2.2 times for brown rice, thus allowing the consumption of rice more safely for infants, children and adults. Other cooking treatments were effective in reducing the iAs concentration from white rice only. Here we also report changes in selected nutrient elements (P, K, Mg, Zn and Mn) which are relatively abundant in rice. In general, the treatments retained more nutrients in brown rice than white rice. No significant loss of Zn was observed from both rice types and the loss of other nutrients was similar or less than in comparison to reported losses from rice cooked in excess water in the literature. We conclude that PBA is a promising technique and further research is needed by including different regional rice types and water quality levels.

 

See https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33153748/

 

Figure 1: (a–d). Comparison of average inorganic As (a) and organic As concentrations (a, b) and in per cent (c, d) in brown and white rice under different cooking treatments (R = raw rice; UA = unwashed and absorbed; WA = washed and absorbed; PSA = pre-soaked and absorbed and PBA = parboiled and absorbed). Each bar represents the average of three rice samples (brown or white) with three replicates. The error bars indicate standard error of means (SEM). Note that in c & d, R was assumed to be 100% (hence no error bars) and all other treatments were normalised to R.

Back      Print      View: 41

[ Other News ]___________________________________________________
  • Genome-wide analysis of autophagy-associated genes in foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) and characterization of the function of SiATG8a in conferring tolerance to nitrogen starvation in rice.
  • Arabidopsis small nucleolar RNA monitors the efficient pre-rRNA processing during ribosome biogenesis
  • XA21-specific induction of stress-related genes following Xanthomonas infection of detached rice leaves.
  • Reducing the Use of Pesticides with Site-Specific Application: The Chemical Control of Rhizoctonia solani as a Case of Study for the Management of Soil-Borne Diseases
  • OsJRL, a rice jacalin-related mannose-binding lectin gene, enhances Escherichia coli viability under high-salinity stress and improves salinity tolerance of rice.
  • Production of lipopeptide biosurfactants by Bacillus atrophaeus 5-2a and their potential use in microbial enhanced oil recovery.
  • GhABF2, a bZIP transcription factor, confers drought and salinity tolerance in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.).
  • Resilience of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) to salinity: implications for food security in low-lying regions.
  • Cellulose synthase complexes act in a concerted fashion to synthesize highly aggregated cellulose in secondary cell walls of plants
  • No adverse effects of transgenic maize on population dynamics of endophytic Bacillus subtilis strain B916-gfp
  • Identification and expression analysis of OsLPR family revealed the potential roles of OsLPR3 and 5 in maintaining phosphate homeostasis in rice
  • Functional analysis of molecular interactions in synthetic auxin response circuits
  • Titanium dioxide nanoparticles strongly impact soil microbial function by affecting archaeal nitrifiers.
  • Inducible Expression of the De-Novo Designed Antimicrobial Peptide SP1-1 in Tomato Confers Resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria.
  • Toward combined delignification and saccharification of wheat straw by a laccase-containing designer cellulosome
  • SNP-based discovery of salinity-tolerant QTLs in a bi-parental population of rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Pinpointing genes underlying the quantitative trait loci for root-knot nematode resistance in palaeopolyploid soybean by whole genome resequencing.
  • Transcriptome- Assisted Label-Free Quantitative Proteomics Analysis Reveals Novel Insights into Piper nigrum -Phytophthora capsici Phytopathosystem.
  • Brassinosteroids participate in the control of basal and acquired freezing tolerance of plants
  • Rapid hyperosmotic-induced Ca2+ responses in Arabidopsis thaliana exhibit sensory potentiation and involvement of plastidial KEA transporters

 

Designed & Powered by WEBSO CO.,LTD