Welcome To Website IAS

Hot news
Achievement

Independence Award

- First Rank - Second Rank - Third Rank

Labour Award

- First Rank - Second Rank -Third Rank

National Award

 - Study on food stuff for animal(2005)

 - Study on rice breeding for export and domestic consumption(2005)

VIFOTEC Award

- Hybrid Maize by Single Cross V2002 (2003)

- Tomato Grafting to Manage Ralstonia Disease(2005)

- Cassava variety KM140(2010)

Centres
Website links
Vietnamese calendar
Library
Visitors summary
 Curently online :  2
 Total visitors :  4447783

Opinion: Authors overestimate their contribution to scientific work, demonstrating a strong bias
Wednesday, 2020/03/25 | 09:00:07

Noa Herz, Orrie Dan, Nitzan Censor, and Yair Bar-Haim

PNAS March 24, 2020 117 (12) 6282-6285

 

Teamwork is an essential component of science. It affords the exchange of ideas and the execution of research that can entail high levels of complexity and scope. Collaborative science also leads to higher-impact publications relative to single-authored research projects (1). Published articles are a key product of scientific work, bearing considerable impact on researchers' academic stances and scientific reputations (2). As such, determination of the relative contribution of each coauthor to the collaborative work is of much significance, and is often reflected in the order of the authorship byline or in comments describing the differential contribution of each of the coauthors to the article (3).

 

Although the scientific community is aware of the challenges associated with accrediting relative contribution in multiauthored papers (4) and scientific journals have developed guidelines to promote more responsible authorship allocation (57), almost any researcher who has published a coauthored article is well-aware of the emotional and political undercurrents associated with sorting out the relative contribution to a publication. While previous work has concentrated on elucidating the problems associated with credit allocation (810) and on developing quantitative tools to determine degree of contribution (411), scholars have not studied authors' subjective evaluations of their own and their coauthors' contributions to coauthored publications. Biased perception of the magnitude of one’s own relative to others’ contribution to scientific work can set the stage for dissatisfaction, disputes, and setbacks to collaborative work.

 

Our research has found that, regardless of an author’s placement in the order of article authorship, most authors possess deep-rooted biases regarding how much they’ve actually contributed to a collaborative work. Psychological research has delineated the existence of self-serving biases in teamwork (1213). Here, we demonstrate that such bias also exists in the context of perceived personal contribution to published scientific teamwork and show that these biases run deep and wide—perhaps not surprisingly, given their robust emotional and practical implications (14). The results suggest that the science community, including journals and higher education, should raise awareness and take action to lessen this bias across the research enterprise.

 

See https://www.pnas.org/content/117/12/6282

Figure: Authors often have an outsized estimate of their contributions to a given paper. Image credit: Dave Cutler (artist).

Back      Print      View: 33

[ Other News ]___________________________________________________
  • Beyond genes: Protein atlas scores nitrogen fixing duet
  • 2016 Borlaug CAST Communication Award Goes to Dr. Kevin Folta
  • FAO and NEPAD team up to boost rural youth employment in Benin, Cameroon, Malawi and Niger
  • Timely seed distributions in Ethiopia boost crop yields, strengthen communities’ resilience
  • Parliaments must work together in the final stretch against hunger
  • Empowering women farmers in the polder communities of Bangladesh
  • Depression: let’s talk
  • As APEC Concludes, CIP’s Food Security and Climate Smart Agriculture on Full Display
  • CIAT directly engages with the European Cocoa Industry
  • Breeding tool plays a key role in program planning
  • FAO: Transform Agriculture to Address Global Challenges
  • Uganda Holds Banana Research Training for African Scientists and Biotechnology Regulators
  • US Congress Ratifies Historic Global Food Security Treaty
  • Fruit Fly`s Genetic Code Revealed
  • Seminar at EU Parliament Tackles GM Crops Concerns
  • JICA and IRRI ignites a “seed revolution” for African and Asian farmers
  • OsABCG26 Vital in Anther Cuticle and Pollen Exine Formation in Rice
  • Akira Tanaka, IRRI’s first physiologist, passes away
  • WHO calls for immediate safe evacuation of the sick and wounded from conflict areas
  • Farmer Field School in Tonga continues to break new ground in the Pacific for training young farmers
Designed & Powered by WEBSO CO.,LTD