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PepYLCIV and PepYLCAV resistance gene Pepy-2 encodes DFDGD-Class RNA-dependent RNA polymerase in Capsicum
Tuesday, 2022/08/02 | 07:39:40

Sota Koeda, Namiko Mori, Ryo Horiuchi, Chiho Watanabe, Atsushi J. Nagano & Hayato Shiragane

Theoretical and Applied Genetics July 2022; vol. 135: 2437–2452

 

Figure: Capsicum PepYLCIV symptom

Key message

A begomovirus resistance gene Pepy-2 encoding the DFDGD-Class RNA-dependent RNA polymerase 3a was identified in pepper (C. annuum) through the forward and reverse genetic analyses.

Abstract

In several countries throughout the world, the whitefly-transmitted begomovirus causes massive yield losses in pepper (Capsicum spp.) production. Although introgression of the genetic resistance against begomovirus to commercial cultivars is strongly required, the recently discovered recessive resistance gene pepy-1, which encodes the messenger RNA surveillance factor Pelota, is the only begomovirus resistance gene identified in Capsicum so far. In this study, we fine-mapped another begomovirus resistance gene from PG1-1 (C. annuum), which is resistant to pepper yellow leaf curl Indonesia virus (PepYLCIV) and pepper yellow leaf curl Aceh virus (PepYLCAV), to further speed up the marker-assisted breeding of begomovirus resistance in peppers. A single dominant locus, Pepy-2, conferring resistance against PepYLCIV in PG1-1 was identified on chromosome 7 by screening recombinants from the F2 and F3 segregating populations derived from a cross between PG1-1 and begomovirus susceptible SCM334. In the target region spanning 722 kb, a strong candidate gene, the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase 3a (CaRDR3a), was identified. The whole-genome and transcriptome sequences of PG1-1 and SCM334 revealed a single Guanine (G) deletion in CaRDR3a first exon, causing a frameshift resulting in loss-of-function in SCM334. In addition, multiple loss-of-function alleles of CaRDR3a were identified in the reference sequences of C. annuumC. chinense, and C. baccatum in the public database. Furthermore, virus-induced gene silencing of CaRDR3a in PG1-1 resulted in the loss of resistance against PepYLCIV. PG1-1 and the DNA marker developed in this study will be useful to breeders using Pepy-2 in their breeding programs.

 

See https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-022-04125-9

 

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