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Precise genetic mapping of Rf18(t), a new fertility restorer gene from ‘Nipponbare’ for wild abortive cytoplasmic male sterility in rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Tuesday, 2022/08/09 | 08:14:50

Honggen Zhang, Xixu LiZuopeng XuZihao WanRuixuan WangXiangqiang ZhaoGeliang TuGuohua LiangMinghong Gu & Shuzhu Tang

Theoretical and Applied Genetics August 2022; vol. 135: 2687–2698

 

Figure: F1 rice seed production field.

Key message

We mapped Rf18(t), a Restorer-of-fertility gene for wild abortive cytoplasmic male sterility from the japonica maintainer ‘Nipponbare’, to chromosome 1. The best candidate gene, LOC_Os01g71320, is predicted to encode hexokinase.

Abstract

Three-line hybrid rice obtained through cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) has helped increase the yield of rice globally, and the wild abortive (WA)-type cytoplasm from wild rice (Oryza rufipogon Griff.) is used widely in three-line indica hybrids. The identification and mapping of the Restorer-of-fertility (Rf) genes in maintainer lines aided in uncovering the genetic basis of fertility restoration of WA-type CMS and the development of WA-type hybrids. In this study, we identified a new Rf gene, Rf18(t), for WA-type CMS from the japonica maintainer line ‘Nipponbare’ using a chromosome segment substitution line population derived from a cross between the indica line 9311 and ‘Nipponbare.’ Using a substitution mapping strategy, Rf18(t) was delimited to a 48-kb chromosomal region flanked by molecular marker loci ID01M28791 and ID01M28845 on chromosome 1. By comparative sequence analyses, we propose that LOC_Os01g71320 is the most likely candidate gene for Rf18(t), and it is predicted to encode hexokinase. Furthermore, Rf18(t) was found to function in fertility restoration probably by a posttranscriptional mechanism and its function is dependent on the genetic background of 9311. These results broaden our knowledge on the mechanism of fertility restoration of WA-type CMS lines and will facilitate the development of WA-type rice hybrids.

 

See https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-022-04142-8

 

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