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 - Study on food stuff for animal(2005)

 - Study on rice breeding for export and domestic consumption(2005)

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- Hybrid Maize by Single Cross V2002 (2003)

- Tomato Grafting to Manage Ralstonia Disease(2005)

- Cassava variety KM140(2010)

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Sunday, 2020/05/03 | 05:55:31

Salt stress is one of the most serious environmental stressors that affect productivity of salt-sensitive crops. Medicago ciliaris is an annual legume whose adaptation to agroclimatic conditions has not been well described. This study focused on the salinity tolerance of M. ciliaris genotypes compared to M. intertexta and M. scutellata in terms of plant growth, physiology, and biochemistry. Salt tolerance was determined at both germination and early seedling growth. Germination and hydroponic assays were used with exposing seeds to 0, 50, 100, 150, and 200 mM NaCl.

Saturday, 2020/05/02 | 06:56:55

In this study, we investigated changes in the isoflavone content, total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), antioxidant activities (DPPH, ABTS), and anti-inflammatory activities of small-seeded and large-seeded soybean cultivars during germination (light/dark conditions). Total isoflavone content was higher at the seed stage in large-seeded soybeans, while it increased after 7 days of germination in small-seeded soybeans, particularly in response to light conditions, under which they had high TPC, TFC, and antioxidant activities.

Friday, 2020/05/01 | 08:20:07

Climate change is a widely discussed topic, and its effect on crop production has drawn attention. The projected reduction in crop yields due to the changing climate in some regions has raised concern. Several studies have estimated the effects of changing climate on crop yields. These models include variables reflecting the effects of weather, technology and land quality. Many models, however, have not included prices, groundwater level, or CO2 concentration. In Table 1, we compared the variables included those previous econometric crop yield modelling research for corn and soybeans with the variables included in our study.

Friday, 2020/05/01 | 08:19:34

Endophytic fungi are great resources for the identification of useful natural products such as antimicrobial agents. In this study, we performed the antifungal screening of various plant endophytic fungi against the dollar spot pathogen Sclerotinia homoeocarpa and finally selected Humicola sp. JS-0112 as a potential biocontrol agent. The bioactive compound produced by the strain JS-0112 was identified as monorden known as an inhibitor of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90). Monorden exhibited strong antagonistic activity against most tested plant pathogenic fungi particularly against tree pathogens and oomycetes with the minimum inhibitory concentration values less than 2.5 μg mL-1.

Wednesday, 2020/04/29 | 06:49:49

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR), a class of immune-associated sequences in bacteria, have been developed as a powerful tool for editing eukaryotic genomes in diverse cells and organisms in recent years. The CRISPR-Cas9 system can recognize upstream 20 nucleotides (guide sequence) adjacent to the protospacer-adjacent motif site and trigger double-stranded DNA cleavage as well as DNA repair mechanisms, which eventually result in knockout, knockin, or site-specific mutagenesis. However, off-target effect caused by guide sequence misrecognition is the major drawback and restricts its widespread application.

Tuesday, 2020/04/28 | 05:44:53

Here, we report the complete genome sequence of Aeribacillus pallidus PI8, a thermophilic bacterium, isolated from soybean stem extract. The sequence was determined using Illumina and Nanopore sequencers. Bioinformatic analyses of the genome sequence revealed the presence of possible bacteriocin gene clusters. Aeribacillus pallidus is a Gram-positive, aerobic, and endospore-forming thermophilic bacterium previously reclassified from the genus Geobacillus (phylum Firmicutes, family Bacillaceae) (1). We were interested in an unknown thermophilic bacterium found in a hot water extract of soybean stems harvested from Nakasatsunai, Hokkaido, Japan, and characterized it as a novel strain of A. pallidus as follows.

Monday, 2020/04/27 | 06:58:57

Rice yield and sustainable production are important issues for global food safety (Itoh et al., 2005). Sterility mutants are appropriate materials for understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying fertility regulation in rice, and are potential germplasm for production of hybrid seeds. The availability of the rice whole genome sequence enabled fine mapping and cloning of the key genes underlying the sterility trait, and shed insights into the development of male and female gametophytes in the past decade, but our understanding on the genetic and molecular mechanisms underlying fertility remains limited.

Sunday, 2020/04/26 | 06:47:17

The cassava genome possesses 14 of the 17 plant PR families, with a total of 447 PR genes. A cassava PR gene nomenclature is proposed. Phylogenetic relatedness of cassava PR proteins to each other and to homologs in poplar, rice and Arabidopsis identified cassava-specific PR gene family expansions. The temporal programs of PR gene expression in response to the whitefly (Aleurotrachelus socialis) in four whitefly-susceptible cassava genotypes showed that 167 of the 447 PR genes were regulated after whitefly infestation.

Saturday, 2020/04/25 | 08:25:50

In this study, we identified six tal genes in Xss-V2-18, a highly-virulent strain of Xcm from China, and assessed their role in BBC. RFLP-based Southern hybridization assays indicated that Xss-V2-18 harbors the six tal genes on a plasmid. The plasmid-encoded tal genes were isolated by cloning BamHI fragments and screening clones by colony hybridization. The tal genes were sequenced by inserting a Tn5 transposon in the DNA encoding the central repeat region (CRR) of each tal gene. Xcm TALome evolutionary relationship based on TALEs CRR revealed relatedness of Xss-V2-18 to MSCT1 and MS14003 from the United States.

Friday, 2020/04/24 | 07:53:43

Basal or partial resistance has been considered race-non-specific and broad-spectrum. Therefore, the identification of genes or quantitative trait loci (QTLs) conferring basal resistance and germplasm containing them is of significance in breeding crops with durable resistance. In this study, we performed a bulked segregant analysis coupled with whole-genome sequencing (BSA-seq) to identify QTLs controlling basal resistance to blast disease in

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