Welcome To Website IAS

Hot news
Achievement

Independence Award

- First Rank - Second Rank - Third Rank

Labour Award

- First Rank - Second Rank -Third Rank

National Award

 - Study on food stuff for animal(2005)

 - Study on rice breeding for export and domestic consumption(2005)

VIFOTEC Award

- Hybrid Maize by Single Cross V2002 (2003)

- Tomato Grafting to Manage Ralstonia Disease(2005)

- Cassava variety KM140(2010)

Centres
Website links
Vietnamese calendar
Library
Visitors summary
 Curently online :  3
 Total visitors :  4779448

Shedding light on autophagy coordinating with cell wall integrity signaling to govern pathogenicity of Magnaporthe oryzae
Sunday, 2020/10/04 | 05:38:15

Ziyi YinWanzhen FengChen ChenJiayun XuYing LiLina YangJingzhen WangXinyu LiuWenhao WangChuyun GaoHaifeng ZhangXiaobo ZhengPing WangZhengguang Zhang.

Autophagy. 2020 May;16(5):900-916.  doi: 10.1080/15548627.2019.1644075.

Abstract

Cells are faced with various stresses during their growth and development, and autophagy is a degradative process in which cells can break down their own components to recycle macromolecules and provide energy under these stresses. For pathogenic fungi that utilize cell wall as the first barrier against external stress, the cell wall integrity (CWI) pathway also provides an essential role in responding to these stresses. However, the specific connection between autophagy and CWI remains elusive in either the model fungi including budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae or the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. Here, we provided evidence that the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is highly induced during M. oryzae infection and that CWI MAP kinase kinase MoMkk1 (S. cerevisiae Mkk1/2 homolog) was subject to phosphorylation regulation by MoAtg1, the only identified kinase in the core autophagy machinery. We also identified MoMkk1 serine 115 as the MoAtg1-dependent phosphorylation site and this phosphorylation could activate CWI, similar to that by the conserved MAP kinase kinase kinase MoMck1 (S. cerevisiae Bck1 homolog). Together with the first report of MoMkk1 subjects to phosphorylation regulation by MoAtg1, we revealed a new mechanism by which autophagy coordinates with CWI signaling under ER stress, and this MoAtg1-dependent MoMkk1 phosphorylation is essential for the pathogenicity of M. oryzae.Abbreviations: A/Ala: alanine; Atg: autophagy-related; Bck1: bypass of C kinase 1; co-IP: co-immunoprecipitation; CWI: cell wall integrity;DTT: dithiothreitol; ER: endoplasmic reticulum; GFP: green fluorescent protein; Mo: Magnaporthe oryzae; MAPK: mitogen-activated protein kinase; Mkk1: mitogen-activated protein kinase-kinase 1; MS: mass spectrometry; PAS: phagophore assembly site; RFP: red fluorescent protein; RT: room temperature; S/Ser: serine; Slt2: suppressor of the lytic phenotype 2; T/Thr: threonine; UPR: unfolded protein response; Y2H: yeast two-hybrid screen.

 

See https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31313634/

 

Figure 1: ER stress is highly induced during M. oryzae infection. (A) RT-PCR analysis of testing UPR-induced MoHAC1 splicing in M. oryzae. RT-PCR was performed using total RNAs extracted from the wild-type stain grown in liquid CM for 2 d and then treated with 10 μM DTT for another 4 h and harvested. For RNA extraction during infection stages, four milliliters of conidial suspension (2 × 105 spores/ml) of Guy11 were sprayed on 2-week-old rice seedlings (Oryza sativa cv. CO39) and the infected leaves were collected and cooled with liquid nitrogen. (B) Expression of uMoHAC1 and sMoHAC1 were analyzed by qRT-PCR in both mycelial and infection stages (2 h and 8 h). ‘HY’: hyphae stage, ‘-’: hyphae without any treatment. (C) The relative expression levels of putative UPR-target genes were analyzed by qRT-PCR and normalized to that of ACTIN. Error bars represent the standard deviations and asterisks represent significant differences (p < 0.01).

Back      Print      View: 46

[ Other News ]___________________________________________________
  • Genome-wide analysis of autophagy-associated genes in foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) and characterization of the function of SiATG8a in conferring tolerance to nitrogen starvation in rice.
  • Arabidopsis small nucleolar RNA monitors the efficient pre-rRNA processing during ribosome biogenesis
  • XA21-specific induction of stress-related genes following Xanthomonas infection of detached rice leaves.
  • Reducing the Use of Pesticides with Site-Specific Application: The Chemical Control of Rhizoctonia solani as a Case of Study for the Management of Soil-Borne Diseases
  • OsJRL, a rice jacalin-related mannose-binding lectin gene, enhances Escherichia coli viability under high-salinity stress and improves salinity tolerance of rice.
  • Production of lipopeptide biosurfactants by Bacillus atrophaeus 5-2a and their potential use in microbial enhanced oil recovery.
  • GhABF2, a bZIP transcription factor, confers drought and salinity tolerance in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.).
  • Resilience of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) to salinity: implications for food security in low-lying regions.
  • Cellulose synthase complexes act in a concerted fashion to synthesize highly aggregated cellulose in secondary cell walls of plants
  • No adverse effects of transgenic maize on population dynamics of endophytic Bacillus subtilis strain B916-gfp
  • Identification and expression analysis of OsLPR family revealed the potential roles of OsLPR3 and 5 in maintaining phosphate homeostasis in rice
  • Functional analysis of molecular interactions in synthetic auxin response circuits
  • Titanium dioxide nanoparticles strongly impact soil microbial function by affecting archaeal nitrifiers.
  • Inducible Expression of the De-Novo Designed Antimicrobial Peptide SP1-1 in Tomato Confers Resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria.
  • Toward combined delignification and saccharification of wheat straw by a laccase-containing designer cellulosome
  • SNP-based discovery of salinity-tolerant QTLs in a bi-parental population of rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Pinpointing genes underlying the quantitative trait loci for root-knot nematode resistance in palaeopolyploid soybean by whole genome resequencing.
  • Transcriptome- Assisted Label-Free Quantitative Proteomics Analysis Reveals Novel Insights into Piper nigrum -Phytophthora capsici Phytopathosystem.
  • Brassinosteroids participate in the control of basal and acquired freezing tolerance of plants
  • Rapid hyperosmotic-induced Ca2+ responses in Arabidopsis thaliana exhibit sensory potentiation and involvement of plastidial KEA transporters

 

Designed & Powered by WEBSO CO.,LTD