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Simultaneous and precise generation of Zebra3 and Wsl5 mutations in rice using CRISPR/Cas9-mediated adenine base editors
Saturday, 2019/10/05 | 08:18:02

   Kutubuddin A. MollaJustin Shih  Yinong Yang

 THE PREPRINT SERVER FOR BIOLOGY doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/784348


The CRISPR/Cas9-mediated base editing technology can efficiently generate point mutations in the genome without introducing double-strand break (DSB) or supplying a DNA donor template for homology-dependent repair (HDR). In this study, adenine base editors (ABEs) were used for rapid generation of precise point mutations in two distinct genes, OsWsl5, and OsZebra3 (Z3), in rice protoplasts and regenerated plants. The precisely engineered point mutations were stably inherited to subsequent generations. These single nucleotide alterations resulted in single amino acid changes and associated wsl5 and z3 phenotypes as evidenced by white stripe leaf and light green/dark green leaf pattern, respectively. Through selfing and segregation, transgene-free, base edited wsl5 and z3 mutants were readily obtained in a short period of time. We noticed a novel mutation (V540A) in Z3 locus could mimic the phenotype of Z3 mutation (S542P). Furthermore, we observed unexpected non-A/G or T/C mutations in the ABE editing window in a few of the edited plants. The ABE vectors and the method from in this study could be used to simultaneously generate point mutations in multiple genes in a single transformation and serve as a useful base editing tool for crop improvement as well as basic studies in plant biology.



Highlights Adenine base editors were adapted for plant base editing that can generate precise and heritable point mutations in rice genome without indel formation. The base editing approach allows rapid generation of transgene-free rice mutants with expected phenotypic changes.


See https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/784348v1

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