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The Unstable Restorer-of-fertility locus in pepper (Capsicum annuum. L) is delimited to a genomic region containing PPR genes
Thursday, 2022/06/30 | 05:52:42

Moo Chan KangHwa-Jeong KangSo-Young JungHae-Young LeeMin-Young KangYeong Deuk Jo & Byoung-Cheorl Kang

Theoretical and Applied Genetics June 2022; vol. 135: 1923–1937

Key Message

Unstable Restorer-of-fertility (Rfu), conferring unstable fertility restoration in the pepper CGMS system, was delimited to a genomic region near Rf and is syntenic to the PPR-like gene-rich region in tomato.


The use of cytoplasmic-genic male sterility (CGMS) systems greatly increases the efficiency of hybrid seed production. Although marker development and candidate gene isolation have been performed for the Restorer-of-fertility (Rf) gene in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.), the broad use of CGMS systems has been hampered by the instability of fertility restoration among pepper accessions, especially sweet peppers, due to the widespread presence of the Unstable Restorer-of-fertility (Rfu) locus. Therefore, to investigate the genetic factors controlling unstable fertility restoration in sweet peppers, we developed a segregation population (BC4F5) from crosses using a male-sterile line and an Rfu-containing line. Segregation did not significantly deviate from a 3:1 ratio for unstable fertility restoration to sterility, indicating single dominant locus control for unstable fertility restoration in this population. Genetic mapping delimited the Rfu locus to a 398 kb genomic region on chromosome 6, which is close to but different from the previously identified Rf-containing region. The Rfu-containing region harbors a pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) gene, along with 10 other candidate genes. In addition, this region is syntenic to the genomic region containing the largest number of Rf-like PPR genes in tomato. Therefore, the dynamic evolution of PPR genes might be responsible for both the restoration and instability of fertility in pepper. During genetic mapping, we developed various molecular markers, including one that co-segregated with Rfu. These markers showed higher accuracy for genotyping than previously developed markers, pointing to their possible use in marker-assisted breeding of sweet peppers.


See https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-022-04084-1


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