Welcome To Website IAS

Hot news
Achievement

Independence Award

- First Rank - Second Rank - Third Rank

Labour Award

- First Rank - Second Rank -Third Rank

National Award

 - Study on food stuff for animal(2005)

 - Study on rice breeding for export and domestic consumption(2005)

VIFOTEC Award

- Hybrid Maize by Single Cross V2002 (2003)

- Tomato Grafting to Manage Ralstonia Disease(2005)

- Cassava variety KM140(2010)

Centres
Website links
Vietnamese calendar
Library
Visitors summary
 Curently online :  1
 Total visitors :  4779453

The control of the brown planthopper by the rice Bph14 gene is affected by nitrogen
Friday, 2020/10/23 | 08:11:31

Ze SunJin-Hua ShiTao FanChao WangLe LiuHuanan JinCaroline Ngichop FobaMan-Qun Wang.

Pest Manag Sci. 2020 Nov; 76(11):3649-3656. doi: 10.1002/ps.5911. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Abstract

Background: Brown rice planthopper (BPH) is a devastating rice pest in Asia. Bph14 is the first cloned BPH-resistance gene in rice, inducing callose deposition while impeding BPH feeding. Nitrogen application affects plant growth and resistance. However, there is little evidence on the influence of nitrogen on the callose content or regulation of rice BPH resistance. In this study, Luoyou9348 (containing Bph14 and highly resistant to BPH) and Yangliangyou6 (without Bph14 and susceptible to BPH) were planted under varying nitrogen regimes (0 , 90, 180 kg ha-1 ) to determine their effects on the resistance levels of rice to BPH feeding. The experiments involved BPH performance, plant volatile profiling and BPH preferences in laboratory and field experiments.

 

Results: We found that BPH egg hatching rate, total number of eggs laid and BPH preference increased with increasing nitrogen application in both rice varieties. However, the expression of Bph14, callose content and BPH feeding significantly declined with an increase in nitrogen fertilization in Luoyou9348, compared with Yangliangyou6. Also, the emission of volatile terpene compounds increased with increasing nitrogen application, which resulted in an increase in BPH numbers on both varieties. Two-way analysis of variance indicated a significant interaction between rice variety and nitrogen in BPH feeding behavior.

 

Conclusion: Our findings provide an insight for addressing problems involved in the incorporation of insecticidal genes into crop plants. The effects of nitrogen on insecticidal gene expression in rice plant defense are discussed. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.

 

See https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32418333/

Figure 2: BPH oviposition and development from newly hatched egg to adult in different nitrogen‐treated rice plants. (a) Mean duration of BPH nymphs to adult (± SE, n = 6). (b) Mean hatch rate of BPH eggs from adults reared on different nitrogen‐treated plants (± SE, n = 6). (c) Mean number of BPH eggs laid on rice plants (± SE, n = 6). HN, high nitrogen treatment; GSRN, Green Super Rice nitrogen treatment; 0N, no nitrogen treatment; LY9348, Luoyou9348 rice variety; YLY6, Yangliangyou6 rice variety. Different letters above bars in the same group are significantly different (P < 0.05). Asterisks indicate a significant difference between LY9348 and YLY6 at **P < 0.01 and ***P < 0.001.

Back      Print      View: 22

[ Other News ]___________________________________________________
  • Genome-wide analysis of autophagy-associated genes in foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) and characterization of the function of SiATG8a in conferring tolerance to nitrogen starvation in rice.
  • Arabidopsis small nucleolar RNA monitors the efficient pre-rRNA processing during ribosome biogenesis
  • XA21-specific induction of stress-related genes following Xanthomonas infection of detached rice leaves.
  • Reducing the Use of Pesticides with Site-Specific Application: The Chemical Control of Rhizoctonia solani as a Case of Study for the Management of Soil-Borne Diseases
  • OsJRL, a rice jacalin-related mannose-binding lectin gene, enhances Escherichia coli viability under high-salinity stress and improves salinity tolerance of rice.
  • Production of lipopeptide biosurfactants by Bacillus atrophaeus 5-2a and their potential use in microbial enhanced oil recovery.
  • GhABF2, a bZIP transcription factor, confers drought and salinity tolerance in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.).
  • Resilience of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) to salinity: implications for food security in low-lying regions.
  • Cellulose synthase complexes act in a concerted fashion to synthesize highly aggregated cellulose in secondary cell walls of plants
  • No adverse effects of transgenic maize on population dynamics of endophytic Bacillus subtilis strain B916-gfp
  • Identification and expression analysis of OsLPR family revealed the potential roles of OsLPR3 and 5 in maintaining phosphate homeostasis in rice
  • Functional analysis of molecular interactions in synthetic auxin response circuits
  • Titanium dioxide nanoparticles strongly impact soil microbial function by affecting archaeal nitrifiers.
  • Inducible Expression of the De-Novo Designed Antimicrobial Peptide SP1-1 in Tomato Confers Resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria.
  • Toward combined delignification and saccharification of wheat straw by a laccase-containing designer cellulosome
  • SNP-based discovery of salinity-tolerant QTLs in a bi-parental population of rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Pinpointing genes underlying the quantitative trait loci for root-knot nematode resistance in palaeopolyploid soybean by whole genome resequencing.
  • Transcriptome- Assisted Label-Free Quantitative Proteomics Analysis Reveals Novel Insights into Piper nigrum -Phytophthora capsici Phytopathosystem.
  • Brassinosteroids participate in the control of basal and acquired freezing tolerance of plants
  • Rapid hyperosmotic-induced Ca2+ responses in Arabidopsis thaliana exhibit sensory potentiation and involvement of plastidial KEA transporters

 

Designed & Powered by WEBSO CO.,LTD