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The mutation of C-24 reductase, a key enzyme involved in brassinolide biosynthesis, confers a novel compact plant architecture phenotype to cucumber
Sunday, 2022/08/14 | 07:09:27

Mengru ZhangMengfei SongMarzieh DavoudiFeng ChengJuan YinGaohui ZhaZhengan YangJinfeng Chen & Qunfeng Lou

Theoretical and Applied Genetics August 2022; vol. 135: 2711–2723


Key message

A novel compact plant architecture mutant , cpa-2, was identified from EMS-induced mutagenesis . Bulked segregant analysis sequencing and map-based cloning revealed CsDWF1 encoding C-24 reductase enzyme as the candidate gene.


The compact architecture is a vital and valuable agronomic trait that helps to reduce the labor of plant management, and improve the fruit yield by increasing planting density in cucumbers. However, the molecular basis underlying the regulation of plant architecture in cucumber is complex and largely unknown. In this study, a novel recessive compact allele, designated as cpa-2 (compact plant architecture-2) was fine mapped in a 109 kb region on chromosome 7 by the strategy of bulked segregant analysis sequencing combined with map-based cloning. Gene annotation of the corresponding region revealed that the CsaV3_7G030530 (CsDWF1) gene encoding C-24 reductase, which acts as the key enzyme in brassinosteroids biosynthesis, functions as the candidate gene for cpa-2. Sequence analysis showed that a single-nucleotide mutation (G to A) in the second exon of CsaV3_7G030530 caused an amino acid substitution from E502 to K502. Compared with wild-type CCMC, CsDWF1 had lower expression levels in the stem, leaf and ovary of cpa-2. In addition, the compact phenotype in cpa-2 could be partially restored by exogenous BR application. Transcriptome analysis revealed that many genes related to plant growth hormones were differentially expressed in cpa-2 plants. This is the first report about the characterization and cloning of the CsDWF1 gene. This work revealed the importance of CsDWF1 in plant development regulation and extended our understanding of the interaction between BRs and other hormones for plant architecture development.


See https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-022-04144-6

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