Welcome To Website IAS

Hot news
Achievement

Independence Award

- First Rank - Second Rank - Third Rank

Labour Award

- First Rank - Second Rank -Third Rank

National Award

 - Study on food stuff for animal(2005)

 - Study on rice breeding for export and domestic consumption(2005)

VIFOTEC Award

- Hybrid Maize by Single Cross V2002 (2003)

- Tomato Grafting to Manage Ralstonia Disease(2005)

- Cassava variety KM140(2010)

Centres
Website links
Vietnamese calendar
Library
Visitors summary
 Curently online :  10
 Total visitors :  4972224

Transgenic chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) harbouring AtDREB1a are physiologically better adapted to water deficit
Friday, 2021/01/15 | 08:31:43

Alok DasPartha Sarathi BasuManoj KumarJamal AnsariAlok ShuklaShallu ThakurParul SinghSubhojit DattaSushil Kumar ChaturvediM S SheshshayeeKailash Chandra Bansal & Narendra Pratap Singh

BMC Plant Biology volume 21, Article number: 39 (2021)

Background

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is the second most widely grown pulse and drought (limiting water) is one of the major constraints leading to about 40–50% yield losses annually. Dehydration responsive element binding proteins (DREBs) are important plant transcription factors that regulate the expression of many stress-inducible genes and play a critical role in improving the abiotic stress tolerance. Transgenic chickpea lines harbouring transcription factor, Dehydration Responsive Element-Binding protein 1A from Arabidopsis thaliana (AtDREB1a gene) driven by stress inducible promoter rd29a were developed, with the intent of enhancing drought tolerance in chickpea. Performance of the progenies of one transgenic event and control were assessed based on key physiological traits imparting drought tolerance such as plant water relation characteristics, chlorophyll retention, photosynthesis, membrane stability and water use efficiency under water stressed conditions.

Results

Four transgenic chickpea lines harbouring stress inducible AtDREB1a were generated with transformation efficiency of 0.1%. The integration, transmission and regulated expression were confirmed by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), Southern Blot hybridization and Reverse Transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), respectively. Transgenic chickpea lines exhibited higher relative water content, longer chlorophyll retention capacity and higher osmotic adjustment under severe drought stress (stress level 4), as compared to control. The enhanced drought tolerance in transgenic chickpea lines were also manifested by undeterred photosynthesis involving enhanced quantum yield of PSII, electron transport rate at saturated irradiance levels and maintaining higher relative water content in leaves under relatively severe soil water deficit. Further, lower values of carbon isotope discrimination in some transgenic chickpea lines indicated higher water use efficiency. Transgenic chickpea lines exhibiting better OA resulted in higher seed yield, with progressive increase in water stress, as compared to control.

Conclusions

Based on precise phenotyping, involving non-invasive chlorophyll fluorescence imaging, carbon isotope discrimination, osmotic adjustment, higher chlorophyll retention and membrane stability index, it can be concluded that AtDREB1a transgenic chickpea lines were better adapted to water deficit by modifying important physiological traits. The selected transgenic chickpea event would be a valuable resource that can be used in pre-breeding or directly in varietal development programs for enhanced drought tolerance under parched conditions.

 

See: https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12870-020-02815-4

Figure 1:

Molecular analysis of transgenic chickpea lines a: PCR analyses of four transgenic chickpea events (T0); b: PCR analyses of transgenic chickpea progenies (T1) derived from E5c: PCR analyses of transgenic chickpea progenies (T1) derived from E17d: PCR analyses of transgenic chickpea progenies (T1) derived from E19e: PCR analyses of transgenic chickpea progenies (T1) derived from E22; [L1–100 bp DNA ladder and L2–1 kb DNA ladder]; f: Southern blot analysis (L: DIG-labelled DNA ladder; I-IV: Four independent transgenic chickpea lines E5, E17, E19 and E22 (T1 stage); N: Non-transformed chickpea (DCP 92–3); P: Positive control (Binary plasmid). g: RT-PCR analysis (L1: 1Kb plus DNA ladder; P: Positive control; N: Negative control; I-IV: Transgenic chickpea lines (T1 stage); V–X: Transgenic chickpea lines (T2 stage); NTC: No Template Control; C: RNA as Template; L2: 100 bp DNA ladder) [Mean SM 11.8% and mean LWP −0.82 MPa]

Back      Print      View: 35

[ Other News ]___________________________________________________
  • Genome-wide analysis of autophagy-associated genes in foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) and characterization of the function of SiATG8a in conferring tolerance to nitrogen starvation in rice.
  • Arabidopsis small nucleolar RNA monitors the efficient pre-rRNA processing during ribosome biogenesis
  • XA21-specific induction of stress-related genes following Xanthomonas infection of detached rice leaves.
  • Reducing the Use of Pesticides with Site-Specific Application: The Chemical Control of Rhizoctonia solani as a Case of Study for the Management of Soil-Borne Diseases
  • OsJRL, a rice jacalin-related mannose-binding lectin gene, enhances Escherichia coli viability under high-salinity stress and improves salinity tolerance of rice.
  • Production of lipopeptide biosurfactants by Bacillus atrophaeus 5-2a and their potential use in microbial enhanced oil recovery.
  • GhABF2, a bZIP transcription factor, confers drought and salinity tolerance in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.).
  • Resilience of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) to salinity: implications for food security in low-lying regions.
  • Cellulose synthase complexes act in a concerted fashion to synthesize highly aggregated cellulose in secondary cell walls of plants
  • No adverse effects of transgenic maize on population dynamics of endophytic Bacillus subtilis strain B916-gfp
  • Identification and expression analysis of OsLPR family revealed the potential roles of OsLPR3 and 5 in maintaining phosphate homeostasis in rice
  • Functional analysis of molecular interactions in synthetic auxin response circuits
  • Titanium dioxide nanoparticles strongly impact soil microbial function by affecting archaeal nitrifiers.
  • Inducible Expression of the De-Novo Designed Antimicrobial Peptide SP1-1 in Tomato Confers Resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria.
  • Toward combined delignification and saccharification of wheat straw by a laccase-containing designer cellulosome
  • SNP-based discovery of salinity-tolerant QTLs in a bi-parental population of rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Pinpointing genes underlying the quantitative trait loci for root-knot nematode resistance in palaeopolyploid soybean by whole genome resequencing.
  • Transcriptome- Assisted Label-Free Quantitative Proteomics Analysis Reveals Novel Insights into Piper nigrum -Phytophthora capsici Phytopathosystem.
  • Brassinosteroids participate in the control of basal and acquired freezing tolerance of plants
  • Rapid hyperosmotic-induced Ca2+ responses in Arabidopsis thaliana exhibit sensory potentiation and involvement of plastidial KEA transporters

 

Designed & Powered by WEBSO CO.,LTD