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Friday, 2021/02/19 | 07:56:43

The researchers behind the study emphasized that previous studies did not incorporate the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with yield increases of GM crops and that their new analysis included carbon opportunity cost (COC) for land use as a factor, given that increased crop yield reduces the need to clear out new land for agricultural production thereby preventing additional CO2 emissions.

Thursday, 2021/02/18 | 07:37:02

Researchers from the University of Delhi reported the potential of the barley oxalate oxidase (BOxO) gene in conferring stable resistance against stem rot in a productive and highly susceptible brown mustard (Brassica juncea cv Varuna) under field conditions. The findings are published in Transgenic Research.

Wednesday, 2021/02/17 | 07:27:25

A study conducted by researchers from the University of Cambridge published in the journal Science of the Total Environment provides the first evidence of a mechanism by which climate change could have played a direct role in the emergence of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that caused the COVID-19 pandemic. The study revealed large-scale changes in the type of vegetation in the southern Chinese Yunnan province and adjacent regions in Myanmar and Laos over the last century. Changes such as increases in temperature, sunlight, and atmospheric carbon dioxide

Tuesday, 2021/02/16 | 06:20:06

The Ministry of Agriculture passed Regulation 50/2020 that provides guidelines for establishing a post-monitoring evaluation scheme for genetically engineered (GE) crops. The guidelines were developed in accordance with the country's regulatory framework through Regulation 21/2005.

Monday, 2021/02/15 | 05:19:34

Developing countries continued to plant more biotech crops in 2019, according to the ISAAA report on the Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2019. The report is now available on the ISAAA website. Developed countries used to plant more biotech crops since commercialization started in 1996 until in 2011, the global area of biotech crops was evenly distributed. In 2012, developing countries outperformed the developed countries continuously.

Sunday, 2021/02/14 | 08:48:36

Researchers used single-molecule imaging to compare the genome-editing tools CRISPR-Cas9 and TALEN. Their experiments revealed that TALEN is up to five times more efficient than CRISPR-Cas9 in parts of the genome, called heterochromatin, that are densely packed. Fragile X syndrome, sickle cell anemia, beta-thalassemia and other diseases are the result of genetic defects in the heterochromatin.

Saturday, 2021/02/13 | 06:22:26

Biologists from the University of Calgary were successful in modifying the height and shape of the canola plant by altering just a single gene using gene editing, potentially improving its ability to yield more. The scientists worked on a wild type strain of the canola. Their objective was to modify the height and shape of canola by targeting the BnD14 gene, a receptor for the strigolactone hormone.

Friday, 2021/02/12 | 07:47:41

The Punjab Seed Council approved two new Bt cotton varieties bringing a sizeable increase in production and enhancing yield potential up to 50 maunds, agriculture officials said. The varieties have high fiber properties as well as resistance to viruses and high productivity. Dr. Zahid Mahmood, Director, The Central Cotton Research Institute Director Dr. Zahid Mehmood said the approved varieties have the potential to withstand high temperatures and give excellent yields in less available water.

Thursday, 2021/02/11 | 05:35:58

A group of researchers from the University of Cordoba, in partnership with Andalusian Institute of Agricultural Research and Training's Alameda del Obispo Center, developed a tool to determine the sweetness or bitterness of almonds in real-time. The researchers designed a new system that uses portable Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) to predict the levels of amygdalin present in the nuts with or without its shell.

Wednesday, 2021/02/10 | 06:04:19

While vaccinations against SARS-CoV-2 have already begun in many countries, effective medication for COVID-19 treatment has not yet been identified. Scientists at Max Planck Institutes (MPI) are now closely investigating the surface structures of SARS-CoV-2 and the processes by which the virus replicates in infected cells to find new targets for possible therapies. Martin Beck and Gerhard Hummer and their working groups at the Max Planck Institute of Biophysics in Frankfurt, Germany have been studying the structure of the spike protein in detail.

 

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