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Wheat glutamine synthetase TaGSr-4B is a candidate gene for a QTL of thousand grain weight on chromosome 4B
Wednesday, 2022/07/20 | 08:04:34

Fan YangJingjuan ZhangYun ZhaoQier LiuShahidul IslamWuyun Yang & Wujun Ma

Theoretical and Applied Genetics July 2022; vol. 135: 2369–2384

Key message

Glutamine synthetase TaGSr-4B is a candidate gene for a QTL of thousand grain weight on 4B, and the gene marker is ready for wheat breeding.

Abstract

A QTL for thousand grain weight (TGW) in wheat was previously mapped on chromosome 4B in a DH population of Westonia × Kauz. For identifying the candidate genes of the QTL, wheat 90 K SNP array was used to saturate the existing linkage map, and four field trials plus one glasshouse experiment over five locations were conducted to refine the QTL. Three nitrogen levels were applied to two of those field trials, resulting in a TGW phenotype data set from nine environments. A robust TGW QTL cluster including 773 genes was detected in six environments with the highest LOD value of 13.4. Based on differentiate gene expression within the QTL cluster in an RNAseq data of Westonia and Kauz during grain filling, a glutamine synthesis gene (GSTaGSr-4B) was selected as a potential candidate gene for the QTL. A SNP on the promoter region between Westonia and Kauz was used to develop a cleaved amplified polymorphic marker for TaGSr-4B gene mapping and QTL reanalysing. As results, TGW QTL appeared in seven environments, and in four out of seven environments, the TGW QTL were localized on the TaGSr-4B locus and showed significant contributions to the phenotype. Based on the marker, two allele groups of Westonia and Kauz formed showed significant differences on TGW in eight environments. In agreement with the roles of GS genes on nitrogen and carbon remobilizations, TaGSr-4B is likely the candidate gene of the TGW QTL on 4B and the TaGSr-4B gene marker is ready for wheat breeding.

 

See https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-022-04118-8

 

Figure 1: The distribution of thousand grain weight (TGW) in the DH population of Westonia and Kauz in nine environments. GH: glasshouse in 2010; Ka: Katanning in 2010; SH: Shenton Park in 2011; SH0, SH50, SH100: Nitrogen (N) level 0, 50 and 100 kg/ha in Shenton Park in 2016; WH0, WH50, WH100: N level 0, 50 and 100 kg/ha in Wongan Hills in 2016

 

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