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A functional chromogen gene C from wild rice is involved in a different anthocyanin biosynthesis pathway in indica and japonica

Accumulation of anthocyanin is a desirable trait to be selected in rice domestication, but the molecular mechanism of anthocyanin biosynthesis in rice remains largely unknown. In this study, a novel allele of chromogen gene COrC1, from Oryza rufipongon was cloned and identified as a determinant regulator of anthocyanin biosynthesis. Although OrC1 functions in purple apiculus, leaf sheath and stigma in indica background, it only promotes purple apiculus in japonica

Weihua QiaoYanyan WangRui XuZiyi Yang, Yan SunLong SuLizhen ZhangJunrui WangJingfen HuangXiaoming ZhengShijia LiuYunlu TianLiangming ChenXi LiuJinhao Lan & Qingwen Yang

Theoretical and Applied Genetics May 2021; vol. 134: 1531–1543

 

Figure: Chromogen gene C structure.

Key message

we identified a functional chromogen gene C from wild rice, providing a new insight of anthocyanin biosynthesis pathway in indica and japonica.

Abstract

Accumulation of anthocyanin is a desirable trait to be selected in rice domestication, but the molecular mechanism of anthocyanin biosynthesis in rice remains largely unknown. In this study, a novel allele of chromogen gene COrC1, from Oryza rufipongon was cloned and identified as a determinant regulator of anthocyanin biosynthesis. Although OrC1 functions in purple apiculus, leaf sheath and stigma in indica background, it only promotes purple apiculus in japonica. Transcriptome analysis revealed that OrC1 regulates flavonoid biosynthesis pathway and activates a few bHLH and WD40 genes of ternary MYB-bHLH-WD40 complex in indica. Differentially expressed genes and metabolites were found in the indica and japonica backgrounds, indicating that OrC1 activated the anthocyanin biosynthetic genes OsCHIOsF3H and OsANS and produced six metabolites independently. Artificial selection and domestication of C1 gene in rice occurred on the coding region in the two subspecies independently. Our results reveal the regulatory system and domestication of C1, provide new insights into MYB transcript factor involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis, and show the potential of engineering anthocyanin biosynthesis in rice.

 

See: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-021-03787-1

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