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Salt tolerance involved candidate genes in rice: an integrative meta-analysis approach

A total of 3449 DEGs were detected in 46 meta-QTL positions, among which 1286, 86, 1729 and 348 DEGs were observed in root, shoot, seedling, and leaves tissues, respectively. Moreover, functional annotation of DEGs located in the meta-QTLs suggested some involved biological processes (e.g., ion transport, regulation of transcription, cell wall organization and modification as well as response to stress) and molecular function terms (e.g., transporter activity, transcription factor activity and oxidoreductase activity). Remarkably, 23 potential candidate genes were detected in Saltol and hotspot-regions overlying original QTLs for both yield components and ion homeostasis traits;

Raheleh Mirdar MansuriZahra-Sadat ShobbarNadali Babaeian JelodarMohammadreza GhaffariSeyed Mahdi Mohammadi & Parisa Daryani

BMC Plant Biology volume 20, Article number: 452 (2020)

Abstract

Background

Salinity, as one of the main abiotic stresses, critically threatens growth and fertility of main food crops including rice in the world. To get insight into the molecular mechanisms by which tolerant genotypes responds to the salinity stress, we propose an integrative meta-analysis approach to find the key genes involved in salinity tolerance. Herein, a genome-wide meta-analysis, using microarray and RNA-seq data was conducted which resulted in the identification of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) under salinity stress at tolerant rice genotypes. DEGs were then confirmed by meta-QTL analysis and literature review.

Results

A total of 3449 DEGs were detected in 46 meta-QTL positions, among which 1286, 86, 1729 and 348 DEGs were observed in root, shoot, seedling, and leaves tissues, respectively. Moreover, functional annotation of DEGs located in the meta-QTLs suggested some involved biological processes (e.g., ion transport, regulation of transcription, cell wall organization and modification as well as response to stress) and molecular function terms (e.g., transporter activity, transcription factor activity and oxidoreductase activity). Remarkably, 23 potential candidate genes were detected in Saltol and hotspot-regions overlying original QTLs for both yield components and ion homeostasis traits; among which, there were many unreported salinity-responsive genes. Some promising candidate genes were detected such as pectinesterase, peroxidase, transcription regulator, high-affinity potassium transporter, cell wall organization, protein serine/threonine phosphatase, and CBS domain cotaining protein.

Conclusions

The obtained results indicated that, the salt tolerant genotypes use qualified mechanisms particularly in sensing and signalling of the salt stress, regulation of transcription, ionic homeostasis, and Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) scavenging in response to the salt stress.

 

See https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12870-020-02679-8

 

Figure 1: Meta-QTL positions for traits associated with the salt tolerance (Table S1) on 12 chromosomes of rice. Vertical lines on the left of the chromosomes show the confidence interval of each QTL. Marker names and positions (in cM on the consensus map) are indicated on the left. The colors indicate Meta-QTL positions for traits associated with the salt tolerance.

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