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Synergistic mutations of two rapeseed AHAS genes confer high resistance to sulfonylurea herbicides for weed control

Sulfonylurea herbicides, which inhibit acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS), have become the most widely used herbicides worldwide. However, weed control in rapeseed crop production remains challenging in China due to the shortage of available herbicide-resistant cultivars. In this study, we developed a rapeseed line (PN19) with sulfonylurea herbicide resistance through seed mutagenesis.

Yue Guo, Li ChengWeihua LongJianqin GaoJiefu ZhangSong ChenHuiming Pu & Maolong Hu

Theoretical and Applied Genetics October 2020; vol. 133:2811–2824.

Abstract

Key message

A double mutant 5N of rapeseed was obtained with a synergistic effect of high resistance to sulfonylurea herbicide. Excellent weed control was observed in Ning R201 created by 5N resources.

Abstract

Sulfonylurea herbicides, which inhibit acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS), have become the most widely used herbicides worldwide. However, weed control in rapeseed crop production remains challenging in China due to the shortage of available herbicide-resistant cultivars. In this study, we developed a rapeseed line (PN19) with sulfonylurea herbicide resistance through seed mutagenesis. Molecular analysis revealed a Trp-574-Leu mutation in BnAHAS1-2R of PN19 according to the sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana, and an allele-specific cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence marker was developed to target the point mutation. A double mutant (5N) with very high sulfonylurea resistance was then created through pyramiding two mutant genes of PN19 and M342 by molecular marker-assisted selection. Herbicide resistance identification, toxicology testing, and an in vitro enzyme activity assay of AHAS in 5N indicated that each mutant was four and eight times more resistant to sulfonylurea than M342 and PN19, respectively. Protein structure analysis of AHAS1 demonstrated that the leucine of mutant Trp-574-Leu destroyed the original π-plane stacking effect of the local region for tribenuron-methyl binding, leading to herbicide tolerance. Isobole graph analysis showed a significant synergistic effect of the combination of two mutant genes in 5N for improved tolerance to sulfonylurea herbicides. Finally, we bred rapeseed variety Ning R201 using 5N herbicide resistance resources, and observed excellent weed control performance. Together, these results demonstrate the practical value of 5N application for optimizing and simplifying rapeseed cultivation in China.

 

See: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-020-03633-w

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