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Study On Rice Production And Marketing Of Farmers In Mekong Delta
Thứ năm, 13-03-2014 | 13:59:10

Nguyen Cong Thanh(1), Bui Dinh Duong(2), Tran Van Hien(2),Nguyen Huu Minh(2) and Manish Signh(3)

(1). Institute of Agricultural Science for Southern Vietnam, 121 Nguyen Binh Khiem, Str., Dist. 1, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

(2). Cuu Long Delta Rice Research Institute, Thoi Lai, Can Tho, Vietnam

(3). Foretell Business Solution, India.

 

ABSTRACT

 

The study on rice production and marketing via survey showed that farmers in Mekong had 0.5 ha, 2.2 ha and 6.5 ha for minimum, average and maximum farm size per household, respectively. 100% households carried out their rice production in winter- spring (Dong Xuan-DX) and summer- autumn (He Thu- HT) seasons. Only 55% implemented their production in the autumn- winter (Thu Dong- TD) season. The average yield gained 7.17 T/ha in DX season. Average rice yield in HT and TD seasons obtained 5.17 and 4.69 T/ha, respectively. The contribution of rice production due to DX season accounted for 45.20%, HT and TD contributed 33.7 and 21.10%, respectively. In methods of drying, Sun drying and mechanical drying were depended on season, marketing purpose, and farmers’ capacity. Postharvest technology was still backward. For rice consumption, there were 35% of households who did not store their paddy for family consumption. They mostly bought milled rice in the market for their consumption. Of them, 65% carried out their rice milling. The farmers mainly sold their product to traders (90%). Rice price of IR50404 was lower than other high quality varieties significantly at 5% level. From this analysis, farmers would be strongly recommended to reduce growing areas of IR50404 (low grain quality) and to promote high quality rice varieties for export purpose. Farmers are looking the opportunities and expectations from government and other related organizations in order to improve their rice price for better production and export.

 

Keywords: IR50404, Dong Xuan, Thu Dong, He Thu, high quality


Trom:  Omonrice 19: 224-236 (2013)

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