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There are two types of fruit of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.), spiny and spineless, which are visually distinguishable by the spines of fruit coat. In spinach breeding, the fruit characteristic is an important agronomic trait that have impacts on “seed” treatment and mechanized sowing. However, the gene(s) controlling the fruit spiny trait have not been characterized and the genetic mechanism of this trait remained unclear.


With each day that passes, more lives are at stake as hunger tightens its grip in southern Madagascar. This is the stark warning from two United Nations agencies, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP), as they seek to draw international attention to a humanitarian crisis that risks being invisible. Around 1.14 million people in the south of Madagascar are facing high levels of acute food insecurity, of which nearly 14 000 people are in ‘Catastrophe' (Phase 5 - the highest in the five-step scale of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC).


There are two types of fruit of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.), spiny and spineless, which are visually distinguishable by the spines of fruit coat. In spinach breeding, the fruit characteristic is an important agronomic trait that have impacts on “seed” treatment and mechanized sowing. However, the gene(s) controlling the fruit spiny trait have not been characterized and the genetic mechanism of this trait remained unclear.


Although severe hunger has not been a major issue in Europe and Central Asia in the past 20 years, the region is in part facing an increase of moderate food insecurity - understood as irregular access to nutritious and sufficient food -, while also dealing with the widespread rapid growth of obesity, challenging its ability to achieve food security and improved nutrition, as outlined in the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2.


Going Abroad in November 2019
Thursday, 2019/12/05 | 10:35:38

Mr. Phạm Thành Nhân, Dong Thap Muoi Research and Development Centre, leaving for IRRI, the Philippines, to join the three-month training course by IRRI from  November 13, 2019 to January 21, 2020


IAS Visitor in November 2019
Thursday, 2019/12/05 | 10:36:15

Mr. Li Jianqiang (Director), Ms. Feng Chunmei (Technical Director), Mr. Tan Yewei (Business Manager) - Subtropical  Crop Research Institute, QuangXi, China, paid a short visit how to cooperate with the IAS about crop production and consumption, November 12, 2019.


IAS Seminar and Workshop in April 2021
Wednesday, 2021/05/05 | 11:58:54

Standard issues on cultivation and utilization values of potato, tomato, chrysanthemum flower and carnation flower (Dianthus caryophyllus) on April 7, 2021. Setting up the DUS and VCU of cassava and cashew nut varieties was addressed on April 26, 2021.


The export turnover of agriculture obtained $US 41.25 billion (2.6% increased); including agro-products ($18.49 B), husbandry products ($0.32 B), aqua-products ($8.38 B) and processed wood & furniture products ($13.17 B). The trade surplus in term of agriculture got $USD 10.29 billion. The conversion of rice cultivated areas with low economic efficiency into other crops, fishery, orchards, etc. was recognized as 128,000 ha, including 99,000 ha and 29,000 ha in South and North, respectively.


 

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