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Independence Award

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National Award

 - Study on food stuff for animal(2005)

 - Study on rice breeding for export and domestic consumption(2005)


- Hybrid Maize by Single Cross V2002 (2003)

- Tomato Grafting to Manage Ralstonia Disease(2005)

- Cassava variety KM140(2010)

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 Curently online :  16
 Total visitors :  7716689

Monday, 2024/07/22 | 08:12:40

Phosphorus (P) is an essential element for plant growth, and its deficiency can cause decreased crop yield. This study systematically evaluated the low-phosphate (Pi) response traits in a large population at maturity and seedling stages, and explored candidate genes and their interrelationships with specific traits. The results revealed a greater sensitivity of seedling maize to low-Pi stress compared to that at maturity stage.

Sunday, 2024/07/21 | 09:21:15

Late blight caused by the oomycete fungus Phytophthora infestans (Pi) is the most serious obstacle to potato (Solanum tuberosum) production in the world. A super race isolate, CN152, which was identified from Sichuan Province, China, could overcome nearly all known late blight resistance genes and caused serious damage in China. The potato genotype SD20 was verified to be highly resistant to CN152; however, the molecular regulation network underlying late blight resistance pathway remains unclear in SD20. Here, we performed a time-course experiment to systematically profile the late blight resistance response genes using RNA-sequencing in SD20.

Saturday, 2024/07/20 | 06:42:53

In this study, we successfully identified and categorized 95 CYP450 genes from the sweet potato genome into 5 families and 31 subfamilies. The predicted subcellular localization results indicate that CYP450s are distributed in the cell membrane system. The promoter region of the IbCYP450 genes contains various cis-acting elements related to plant hormones and stress responses. In addition, ten conserved motifs (Motif1-Motif10) have been identified in the IbCYP450 family proteins, with 5 genes lacking introns and only one exon. We observed extensive duplication events within the CYP450 gene family, which may account for its expansion.

Friday, 2024/07/19 | 07:37:08

Cassava mosaic disease (CMD) is a serious threat to cassava production in sub-Saharan Africa. The use of genomic-assisted selection at the seedling trial stage would help to reduce the time for release, breeding cost, and resources used, hence increase selection efficiency in cassava breeding programs. Five cassava populations were screened for resistance to CMD during the seedling evaluation trial at 1, 3, and 5 months after planting using a scale of 1-5.

Thursday, 2024/07/18 | 08:38:11

Genome annotation files play a critical role in dictating the quality of downstream analyses by providing essential predictions for gene positions and structures. These files are pivotal in decoding the complex information encoded within DNA sequences. Here, we generated experimental data resolving RNA 5'- and 3'-ends as well as full-length RNAs for cassava TME12 sticklings in ambient temperature and cold.

Wednesday, 2024/07/17 | 08:36:47

Fruit rind color is an important agronomic trait that affects commodity quality and consumer choice in zucchini (Cucurbita pepo). However, the molecular mechanism controlling rind color is unclear. We characterized two zucchini inbred lines: ‘19’ (dark green rind) and ‘113’ (white rind). Genetic analysis revealed white immature fruit rind color to be controlled by a dominant locus (CpW).

Tuesday, 2024/07/16 | 08:14:00

Prime editing is a versatile CRISPR/Cas-based precise genome-editing technique for crop breeding. Four new types of prime editors (PEs) named PE6a–d were recently generated using evolved and engineered reverse transcriptase (RT) variants from three different sources. In this study, we tested the editing efficiencies of four PE6 variants and two additional PE6 constructs with double-RT modules in transgenic rice (Oryza sativa) plants.

Monday, 2024/07/15 | 07:47:18

Trade-offs between evolutionary gain and loss are prevalent in nature, yet their genetic basis is not well resolved. The evolution of insect resistance to insecticide is often associated with strong fitness costs; however, how the fitness trade-offs operates remains poorly understood. Here, we show that the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and its upstream and downstream actors underlie the fitness trade-offs associated with insecticide resistance in the whitefly Bemisia tabaci.

Sunday, 2024/07/14 | 06:09:42

Phytophthora capsici and P. tropicalis are the two species of Phytophthora associated with foot rot disease of black pepper in India. High genetic diversity amongst the Phytophthora species contributes to its wide host range and variability in the virulence pattern. In the present study, genetic diversity of Phytophthora species infecting black pepper was analysed using RAMS (Random Amplified Microsatellites) and REP (Repetitive Extragenic Palindromic)-PCR fingerprinting.

Saturday, 2024/07/13 | 06:59:06

Piper nigrum L. (black and white peppercorn) is one of the most common culinary spices used worldwide. The current study aims to dissect pepper metabolome using 1H-NMR targeting of its major primary and secondary metabolites. Eighteen metabolites were identified with piperine detected in black and white pepper at 20.2 and 23.9 μg mg-1, respectively. Aroma profiling using HS-SPME coupled to GC-MS analysis and in the context of autoclave treatment led to the detection of a total of 52 volatiles with an abundance of β-caryophyllene at 82% and 59% in black and white pepper, respectively.


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