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 - Study on food stuff for animal(2005)

 - Study on rice breeding for export and domestic consumption(2005)

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- Hybrid Maize by Single Cross V2002 (2003)

- Tomato Grafting to Manage Ralstonia Disease(2005)

- Cassava variety KM140(2010)

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Wednesday, 2024/02/07 | 08:50:34

Muscat flavour represents a group of unique aromatic attributes in some grape varieties. Biochemically, grape berries with muscat flavour produce high levels of monoterpenes. Monoterpene biosynthesis is mainly through the DOXP/MEP pathway, and VvDXS1 encodes the first enzyme in this plastidial pathway of terpene biosynthesis in grapevine. A single-point mutation resulting in the substitution of a lysine with an asparagine at position 284 in the VvDXS1 protein has previously been identified as the major cause for producing muscat flavour in grapes.

Tuesday, 2024/02/06 | 06:24:45

Genetic gain is a crucial parameter to check the breeding program's success and help optimize future breeding strategies for enhanced genetic gains. To estimate the genetic gains in IRRI’s salinity breeding program and identify the best genotypes based on high breeding values for grain yield (kg/ha), we analyzed the historical data from the trials conducted in the IRRI, Philippines and Bangladesh. A two-stage mixed-model approach accounting for experimental design factors and a relationship matrix was fitted to obtain the breeding values for grain yield and estimate genetic trends.

Monday, 2024/02/05 | 07:09:31

Clubroot is a devastating soil-borne disease caused by the obligate biotrophic pathogen Plasmodiophora brassica (P. brassicae), which poses a great threat to Brassica oleracea (B. oleracea) production. Although several QTLs associated with clubroot resistance (CR) have been mapped in cultivated B. oleracea, none have been cloned in B. oleracea. Previously, we found that the wild B. oleracea B2013 showed high resistance to clubroot. In this study, we constructed populations using B2013 and broccoli line 90196. CR in B2013 is quantitatively inherited, and a major QTL, BolC.Pb9.1, was identified on C09 using QTL-seq and linkage analysis.

Sunday, 2024/02/04 | 07:30:27

This study explores the impact of RNAi in terms of selectively inhibiting the expression of the OsBBTI5 gene, with the primary objective of uncovering its involvement in the molecular mechanisms associated with salt tolerance in rice. OsBBTI5, belonging to the Bowman-Birk inhibitor (BBI) family gene, is known for its involvement in plant stress responses. The gene was successfully cloned from rice, exhibiting transcriptional self-activation in yeast. A yeast two-hybrid assay confirmed its specific binding to OsAPX2 (an ascorbate peroxidase gene). Transgenic OsBBTI5-RNAi plants displayed insensitivity to varying concentrations of 24-epibrassinolide in the brassinosteroid sensitivity assay.

Saturday, 2024/02/03 | 06:30:02

Due to global climate change, crops are certainly confronted with a lot of abiotic and biotic stress factors during their growth that cause a serious threat to their development and overall productivity. Among different abiotic stresses, salt and drought are considered the most devastating stressors with serious impact on crop's yield stability. Here, the current study aimed to elucidate how melatonin works in regulating plant biomass,

Friday, 2024/02/02 | 08:11:55

Peanut is a globally significant oilseed crop worldwide, and contains a high content (20%) of saturated fatty acid (SFA) in its seeds. As high level SFA intake in human dietary may increase the cardiovascular disease risk, reducing the SFA content in peanut is crucial for improving its nutritional quality. Half of the SFAs in peanut are very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA), so reducing the VLCFA content is a feasible strategy to decrease the total SFA content.

Thursday, 2024/02/01 | 08:13:50

Salvia miltiorrhiza (red sage, Chinese pinyin; danshen) is used in Eastern medicine to treat cardiovascular diseases. S. miltiorrhiza contains water-soluble and lipid-soluble bioactive compounds, including phenolic acids and diterpenoid tanshinones, respectively (Shi et al., 2021); the latter gives its root surface a red colour (Skała and Wysokińska, 2005).

Wednesday, 2024/01/31 | 07:59:37

Salt stress is one of the most important factors limiting rice growth and yield increase. Salt tolerance of rice at the bud burst (STB) stage determines whether germinated seeds can grow normally under salt stress, which is very important for direct seeding. However, reports on quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and candidate genes for STB in rice are very limited. In this study, a natural population of 130 indica and 81 japonica rice accessions was used to identify STB-related QTLs and candidate genes using a genome-wide association study (GWAS).

Tuesday, 2024/01/30 | 08:26:07

The discovery of resistance gene is a major gain in the bean anthracnose pathosystem research. Among the Indian common bean landraces, KRC-5 exhibit high levels of resistance to the bean anthracnose pathogen Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. To precisely map the anthracnose resistance gene, we used a Recombinant Inbred Line (F2:9 RIL) population (KRC-5 × Jawala).

Monday, 2024/01/29 | 08:18:59

Oligonucleotide-based fluorescence in situ hybridization (Oligo-FISH) provides a powerful chromosome identification system for inferring plant chromosomal evolution. Aiming to understand macrosynteny, chromosomal diversity, and the evolution of bean species from five Vigna subgenera, we constructed cytogenetic maps for eight taxa using oligo-FISH-based chromosome identification.

 

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