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- Tomato Grafting to Manage Ralstonia Disease(2005)

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Monday, 2014/02/10 | 08:19:24

Some 40 delegates from 17 countries from Asia and the Pacific region gathered on 28 January 2014 in Pattaya, Thailand for the Consultative Meeting on Rice Strategy for Asia and the Pacific. The objective of the meeting was to finalize a regional strategy for rice with the prospect of improving rice security for future generations.

Sunday, 2014/02/09 | 07:21:43

The Mekong Delta in Vietnam is at the downstream of Mekong River basin. Substantial large part of the Delta is flooded annually from July to December or during parts of this period with water depth reaching up to 1.4 m or more. Before 1990, deepwater and/or floating rice varieties were planted to the flooded areas of the Delta. During the 1980s, Viet Nam has about 1.7 million hectares of deep-water rice and floating rice; about 0.3-0.5 million hectares were floating rice with elongation ability of 10-15 cm/day. After the implementation of irrigation and drainage (water management) projects by Vietnam Government, there is no planting of floating rice in the country today.

Friday, 2014/02/07 | 16:51:09

Geneticists at the U.S. Department of Agriculture developed the first-of-its kind inventory for wild and weedy relatives of important crops. According to USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientist Stephanie Greene, the objective of the project is to aid the conservation of crop wild relatives and guarantee their accessibility as important sources of genetic diversity for economically important traits such as drought tolerance and disease/pest resistance.

Wednesday, 2014/02/05 | 10:49:13

The average mouse, like the average human, is home to trillions of bacteria and viruses. The average mouse in a gnotobiotic facility, however, hosts zero. No germs live on its skin, in its nostrils, or in its gut. Its food and water—even its bedding—is heated to more than 100 °C to kill bacteria and viruses before being delivered to its cage through a sterile, fail-safe system of double doors. This is gnotobiotics; the study of organisms whose every germ is carefully controlled.

Wednesday, 2014/02/05 | 10:49:37

Experimental genetics with model organisms and mathematically explicit genetic theory are generally considered to be the major paradigms by which progress in genetics is achieved. Here I argue that this view is incomplete and that pivotal advances in genetics—and other fields of biology—are also made by synthesizing disparate threads of extant information rather than generating new information from experiments or formal theory.

Monday, 2014/02/03 | 18:02:00

A publication highlighting the findings of the research project Adoption and Uptake Pathways of Biotech Crops by Small-scale Resource-poor Asian Farmers: Comparative Studies in China, India, and the Philippines, was released by the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA), Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Indian Society of Cotton Improvement; and the College of Development Communication, University of the Philippines Los Baños.

Saturday, 2014/02/01 | 07:19:33

Genetically modified (GM) purple tomatoes developed by John Innes Centre (JIC) scientists in the UK are being harvested in Ontario, Canada, for future research and to attract private investors. The harvest from the 5,000 square-foot glass house will yield GM tomatoes to produce 2,000 liters of purple tomato juice. It will be used to generate new research and industry collaborations and to start the process of seeking the regulatory authorization needed to bring a commercial juice to market.

Thursday, 2014/01/30 | 07:41:35

Rice is the main crop in Vietnam. In 1961, the planted areas reached 4.740 million hectares with the yield of 1.897 tons/ha. Total production was 8.997 million tons. The corresponding data in 2009 were: 8.238 million ha planted area; 5.928 tons/ha yield; and 48.830 million tons production. Consequently, from 1961 to 2009, rice yield and production increased by 4.34 and 5.43 times respectively. Plant protection in general and weed management in particular have contributed significantly to these tremendous achievements. This paper reviews the achievements of research on weed management in rice production in Vietnam during the last 50 years.

Wednesday, 2014/01/29 | 12:26:03

The genome of the hot pepper, the world's most widely grown spice crop, has been sequenced by a large international team of researchers, including scientists at the University of California, Davis and Seoul National University, Korea.

 

The researchers sequenced a domesticated variety of hot pepper from the Mexican state of Morelos known as Criolo de Morelos 334. The variety has consistently exhibited high levels of disease resistance and has been extensively used in hot-pepper research and breeding.

Tuesday, 2014/01/28 | 21:30:45

Scientists studying grasslands in the University of Oklahoma have discovered that an increase of 2 degrees Celsius in the air temperature above the soil causes significant changes to the microbial ecosystem underground. Compared to a control group with no warming, plants in the warmer plots grew more rapidly and more robust, which put more carbon into the soil as the plants senesce.

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