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Washington State University Sequences Genomes of Four Crops
Monday, 2013/06/24 | 15:57:00

Washington State University (WSU) scientists have sequenced the genomes of four new Rosaceae crop families, including the Comice pear, Golden Delicious apple, Stella sweet cherry, and two varieties of almonds. Amit Dhingra, horticultural geneticist at WSU, led the team of researchers in the sequencing work. The results of their project will provide researchers with a better understanding of the Rosaceae family and will be used to address challenges that fruit-tree growers and producers face from pests, drought, a plant's stress response and lack of nutrients.

 

The new set of information gives light on biochemical regulation pathways for disease resistance, ways of protecting the food supply from environmental conditions and understanding the fruit ripening process, and further help scientists understand how the fruits' functions have evolved.

 

For more information about this research, the news release is available at http://news.wsu.edu/pages/publications.asp?Action=Detail&PublicationID=36556&TypeID=1.

Amit Dhingra, a horticultural genomicist at WSU, led the researchers who sequenced the double haploid Comice pear, Golden Delicious double haploid apple, almond and Stella sweet cherry genomes. (Double haploid refers to an organism with two sets of each chromosome created from a single grain of pollen).

 

Genomes house the DNA and determine, among other traits and functions, a plant’s appearance, health, productivity, color and taste of the fruit.

 

 

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