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Ensifer sp. GMS14 enhances soybean salt tolerance for potential application in saline soil reclamation

Rhizosphere microbiomes play an important role in enhancing plant salt tolerance and are also commonly employed as bio-inoculants in soil remediation processes. Cultivated soybean (Glycine max) is one of the major oilseed crops with moderate salt tolerance. However, the response of rhizosphere microbes me to salt stress in soybean, as well as their potential application in saline soil reclamation, has been rarely reported.

Youqiang WangYanzhe YangDonglin ZhaoZhe LiXiaona SuiHan ZhangJin LiuYiqiang LiCheng-Sheng ZhangYanfen Zheng.

J Environ Management; 2024 Jan 1: 349:119488. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2023.119488.

Abstract

Rhizosphere microbiomes play an important role in enhancing plant salt tolerance and are also commonly employed as bio-inoculants in soil remediation processes. Cultivated soybean (Glycine max) is one of the major oilseed crops with moderate salt tolerance. However, the response of rhizosphere microbes me to salt stress in soybean, as well as their potential application in saline soil reclamation, has been rarely reported. In this study, we first investigated the microbial communities of salt-treated and non-salt-treated soybean by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. Then, the potential mechanism of rhizosphere microbes in enhancing the salt tolerance of soybean was explored based on physiological analyses and transcriptomic sequencing. Our results suggested that Ensifer and Novosphingobium were biomarkers in salt-stressed soybean. One corresponding strain, Ensifer sp. GMS14, showed remarkable growth promoting characteristics. Pot experiments showed that GMS14 significantly improved the growth performance of soybean in saline soils. Strain GMS14 alleviated sodium ions (Na+) toxicity by maintaining low a Na+/K+ ratio and promoted nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) uptake by soybean in nutrient-deficient saline soils. Transcriptome analyses indicated that GMS14 improved plant salt tolerance mainly by ameliorating salt stress-mediated oxidative stress. Interestingly, GMS14 was evidenced to specifically suppress hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) production to maintain reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis in plants under salt stress. Field experiments with GMS14 applications showed its great potential in saline soil reclamation, as evidenced by the increased biomass and nodulation capacity of GMS14-inoculated soybean. Overall, our findings provided valuable insights into the mechanisms underlying plant-microbes interactions, and highlighted the importance of microorganisms recruited by salt-stressed plant in the saline soil reclamation.

 

See https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37939476/

 

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