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Identification of QTLs associated with very-long chain fatty acid (VLCFA) content via linkage mapping and BSA-seq in peanut

Peanut is a globally significant oilseed crop worldwide, and contains a high content (20%) of saturated fatty acid (SFA) in its seeds. As high level SFA intake in human dietary may increase the cardiovascular disease risk, reducing the SFA content in peanut is crucial for improving its nutritional quality. Half of the SFAs in peanut are very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA), so reducing the VLCFA content is a feasible strategy to decrease the total SFA content.

Xiaomeng XueJianguo LiJie WuMeiling HuNian LiuLiying YanYuning ChenXin WangYanping KangZhihui WangHuifang JiangYong LeiChunyu ZhangBoshou Liao & Dongxin Huai

Theoretical and Applied Genetics; February 2024; vol. 137; article 33

Key message

Three major QTLs qA01qB04.1 and qB05 for VLCFA content and their corresponding allele-specific markers will benefit peanut low VLCFA breeding, and a candidate gene Arahy.IF1JV3 was predicted.

Abstract

Peanut is a globally significant oilseed crop worldwide, and contains a high content (20%) of saturated fatty acid (SFA) in its seeds. As high level SFA intake in human dietary may increase the cardiovascular disease risk, reducing the SFA content in peanut is crucial for improving its nutritional quality. Half of the SFAs in peanut are very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA), so reducing the VLCFA content is a feasible strategy to decrease the total SFA content. Luoaowan with extremely low VLCFA (4.80%) was crossed with Jihua16 (8.00%) to construct an F2:4 population. Three major QTLs including qA01qB04.1 and qB05 for VLCFA content were detected with 4.43 ~ 14.32% phenotypic variation explained through linkage mapping. Meanwhile, three genomic regions on chromosomes B03, B04 and B05 were identified via BSA-seq approach. Two co-localized intervals on chromosomes B04 (100.10 ~ 103.97 Mb) and B05 (6.39 ~ 10.90 Mb) were identified. With markers developed based on SNP/InDel variations in qA01 between the two parents, the remaining interval was refined to 103.58 ~ 111.14 Mb. A candidate gene Arahy.IF1JV3 encoding a β-ketoacyl-CoA synthase was found in qA01, and its expression level in Luoaowan was significantly lower than that in Jihua16. Allele-specific markers targeting qA01qB04.1 and qB05 were developed and validated in F4 population, and an elite line with high oleic, low VLCFA (5.05%) and low SFA (11.48%) contents was selected. This study initially revealed the genetic mechanism of VLCFA content, built a marker-assisted selection system for low VLCFA breeding, and provided an effective method to decrease the SFA content in peanut.

 

See https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-024-04547-7

 

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