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Similar soil drying-induced stomatal closure in soybean genotypes varying in abscisic acid accumulation and stomatal sensitivity to abscisic acid

Different soybean cultivars (Williams 82 , Union , Jindou 21 , Long Huang 1 , Long Huang 2 ) were exposed to drying soil, to investigate whether endogenous abscisic acid (ABA) concentrations and leaf water relations regulated stomatal behaviour. We measured ABA concentrations in xylem and tissue of the first and second trifoliate leaves respectively; stomatal conductance (gs ) and leaf water potential (Ψleaf ) in both leaves; and water content in soil.

Pedro Castro-ValdecantosJaime PuértolasIan C Dodd

Funct Plant Biol.; 2024 Jan; 51(1):NULL. doi: 10.1071/FP23012.

 

Figure: Defining roots to defy drought - Ontario Grain Farmer

Abstract

Different soybean cultivars (Williams 82 , Union , Jindou 21 , Long Huang 1 , Long Huang 2 ) were exposed to drying soil, to investigate whether endogenous abscisic acid (ABA) concentrations and leaf water relations regulated stomatal behaviour. We measured ABA concentrations in xylem and tissue of the first and second trifoliate leaves respectively; stomatal conductance (gs ) and leaf water potential (Ψleaf ) in both leaves; and water content in soil. Cultivar variation in leaf area and g s caused different rates of soil drying, but g s and Ψ leaf declined similarly with soil drying in all cultivars. Variation in leaf xylem ABA concentration better explained stomatal responses than foliar ABA concentration in some cultivars, and was highly correlated with stomatal conductance. Xylem ABA concentration in well-watered soil was highest in Union , and in drying soil was lowest in Jindou 21 and Long Huang 2 , although the latter had the highest foliar ABA concentrations. Jindou 21 accumulated lower xylem ABA concentrations than other cultivars as soil moisture or Ψ leaf decreased, but its stomatal sensitivity to xylem ABA was greater. Because cultivars varied in both ABA accumulation and stomatal sensitivity to ABA, but had similar stomatal sensitivity to Ψ leaf , leaf water relations seem more important in regulating stomatal closure of soybean.

 

See https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37072870/

 

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