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Translocations and inversions: major chromosomal rearrangements during Vigna (Leguminosae) evolution

Oligonucleotide-based fluorescence in situ hybridization (Oligo-FISH) provides a powerful chromosome identification system for inferring plant chromosomal evolution. Aiming to understand macrosynteny, chromosomal diversity, and the evolution of bean species from five Vigna subgenera, we constructed cytogenetic maps for eight taxa using oligo-FISH-based chromosome identification.

Sibelle DiasFernanda de Oliveira BustamanteLívia do Vale MartinsVictor Alves da CostaClaudio MontenegroAna Rafaela da Silva OliveiraGeyse Santos de LimaGuilherme Tomaz BrazJiming JiangAntônio Félix da CostaAna Maria Benko-Iseppon & Ana Christina Brasileiro-Vidal

Theoretical and Applied Genetics; January 2024; Volume 137, Article  29

Key message

Inversions and translocations are the major chromosomal rearrangements involved in Vigna subgenera evolution, being Vigna vexillata the most divergent species. Centromeric repositioning seems to be frequent within the genus.

Abstract

Oligonucleotide-based fluorescence in situ hybridization (Oligo-FISH) provides a powerful chromosome identification system for inferring plant chromosomal evolution. Aiming to understand macrosynteny, chromosomal diversity, and the evolution of bean species from five Vigna subgenera, we constructed cytogenetic maps for eight taxa using oligo-FISH-based chromosome identification. We used oligopainting probes from chromosomes 2 and 3 of Phaseolus vulgaris L. and two barcode probes designed from V. unguiculata (L.) Walp. genome. Additionally, we analyzed genomic blocks among the Ancestral Phaseoleae Karyotype (APK), two V. unguiculata subspecies (V. subg. Vigna), and V. angularis (Willd.) Ohwi & Ohashi (V. subg. Ceratotropis). We observed macrosynteny for chromosomes 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 in all investigated taxa except for V. vexillata (L.) A. Rich (V. subg. Plectrotropis), in which only chromosomes 4, 7, and 9 were unambiguously identified. Collinearity breaks involved with chromosomes 2 and 3 were revealed. We identified minor differences in the painting pattern among the subgenera, in addition to multiple intra- and interblock inversions and intrachromosomal translocations. Other rearrangements included a pericentric inversion in chromosome 4 (V. subg. Vigna), a reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 1 and 5 (V. subg. Ceratotropis), a potential deletion in chromosome 11 of V. radiata (L.) Wilczek, as well as multiple intrablock inversions and centromere repositioning via genomic blocks. Our study allowed the visualization of karyotypic patterns in each subgenus, revealing important information for understanding intrageneric karyotypic evolution, and suggesting V. vexillata as the most karyotypically divergent species.

 

See https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-024-04546-8

 

 

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