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Identifying new variation at the J locus, previously identified as e6, in long juvenile `Paranagoiana` soybean
Wednesday, 2021/03/31 | 07:27:10

Nour NissanElroy R. CoberMichael SadowskiMartin CharetteAshkan Golshani & Bahram Samanfar

Theoretical and Applied Genetics April 2021; vol. 134: 1007–1014.

Key message

A previously identified soybean maturity locus, E6, is discovered to be J, with the long juvenile allele in Paranagoiana now deemed jx.

Abstract

Soybean grown at latitudes of ~20° or lower can produce lower grain yields due to the short days. This limitation can be overcome by using the long juvenile trait (LJ) which delays flowering under short day conditions. Two LJ loci have been mapped to the same location on Gm04, J and E6. The objective of this research was to investigate the e6 allele in ‘Paranagoiana’ and determine if E6 and J are the same locus or linked loci. KASP markers showed that e6 lines did not have the j−1 allele of LJ PI 159925. A population fixed for E1 but segregating for E6, with e6 introgressed from Paranagoiana, showed single gene control for flowering and maturity under short days. Sequencing Glyma.04G050200, the gene, with long amplification Taq found that the e6 line ‘Paranagoiana’ contains a Ty1-copia retrotransposon of ~10,000 bp, inserted within exon 4. PCR amplification of the cDNA of Glyma.04G050200 also showed differences between the mRNA sequences (presence of insertion in jx). Hence, we conclude that the loci E6 and J are one locus and deem this new variation found in Paranagoiana as j−x.

 

See: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-020-03746-2

Figure: Amplification of insertion in j−x and its location. a PCR product for the second half of J containing exons 3 and 4 in lines (a) OT 94–47 (control) ~1,500 bp in length, (b) Paranagoiana and (c) X5063-39 (j−x, previously presumed e6 lines) ~10,000 bp in length, using TaKaRa LA Taq. Samples ran on a 1% agarose gel and imaged using SYBR safe and a blue light with a GeneRuler 1 kb Plus DNA Ladder. b Glyma.04g050200 gene J and j−x compared and showing the location of the insertion within exon 4 of j−x. In blue, primer combination used is shown as well as their location within the gene (color figure online)

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