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Fine mapping and analysis of candidate genes for qFT7.1, a major quantitative trait locus controlling flowering time in Brassica rapa L.
Sunday, 2022/07/24 | 07:52:14

Gaoyang QuYue GaoXian WangWei FuYunxia SunXu GaoWei WangChunming HaoHui Feng & Yugang Wang

Theoretical and Applied Genetics; July 2022; vol. 135: 2233–2246

Figure: Brassica rapa flowering

Key message

qFT7.1, a major QTL for flowering time in Brassica rapa was fine-mapped to chromosome A07 in a 56.4-kb interval, in which the most likely candidate gene is BraA07g018240.3C.

Abstract

In Brassica rapa, flowering time (FT) is an important agronomic trait that affects the yield, quality, and adaption. FT is a complicated trait that is regulated by many genes and is affected greatly by the environment. In this study, a chromosome segment substitution line (CSSL), CSSL16, was selected that showed later flowering than the recurrent parent, a rapid-cycling inbred line of B. rapa (RcBr). Using Bulked Segregant RNA sequencing, we identified a late flowering quantitative trait locus (QTL), designated as qFT7.1, on chromosome A07, based on a secondary-F2 population derived from the cross between CSSL16 and RcBr. qFT7.1 was further validated by conventional QTL mapping. This QTL explained 39.9% (logarithm of odds = 32.2) of the phenotypic variations and was fine mapped to a 56.4-kb interval using recombinant analysis. Expression analysis suggested that BraA07g018240.3C, which is homologous to ATC (encoding Arabidopsis thaliana CENTRORADIALIS homologue), a gene for delayed flowering in Arabidopsis, as the most promising candidate gene. Sequence analysis demonstrated that two synonymous mutations existed in the coding region and numerous bases replacements existed in promoter region between BraA07g018240.3C from CSSL16 and RcBr. The results will increase our knowledge related to the molecular mechanism of late flowering in B. rapa and lays a solid foundation for the breeding of late bolting B. rapa.

 

See https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-022-04108-w

 

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