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Genetics of days to flowering, maturity and plant height in natural and derived forms of Brassica rapa L.
Tuesday, 2021/02/16 | 06:25:47

Snehdeep Kaur, Chhaya Atri, Javed Akhatar, Meenakshi Mittal, Rimaljeet Kaur & Surinder S. Banga

Theoretical and Applied Genetics February 2021; vol. 134: 473–487.Description: https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/3ZBdxJ1nKN63WrjZdBGOpUK1yxIEMI_qEH0a7Fq-4WoE-0BlV-6PyXJm_iMhVjDKPrdrz0xhybTqFJNa63gwxPxBcNhCN3x0Ae8PJi1pbhwIPTG7XcJ1tDO4fD_F_bL6nsjWUIk

 

Key message

 

Genome wide association studies enabled prediction of many candidate genes for flowering, maturity and plant height under differing day-length conditions. Some genes were envisaged only from derived B. rapa.

 

Abstract

 

Flowering and plant height are the key life history traits. These are crucial for adaptation and productivity. Current investigations aimed to examine genotypic differences governing days to flowering, maturity and plant height under contrasting day-length conditions; and identify genomic regions governing the observed phenotypic variations. An association panel comprising 195 inbred lines, representing natural (NR) and derived (DR) forms of Brassica rapa (AA; 2n = 20), was evaluated at two sowing dates and two locations, representing different day-length regimes. Derived B. rapa is a unique pre-breeding material extracted from B. juncea (AABB; 2n = 36). Population structure analysis, using DArT genotypes established derived B. rapa as a genetic resource distinct from natural B. rapa. Genome wide association studies facilitated detection of many trait associated SNPs. Chromosomes A03, A05 and A09 harboured majority of these. Functional annotation of the associated SNPs and surrounding genome space(s) helped to predict 43 candidate genes. Many of these were predicted under specific day-length conditions. Important among these were the genes encoding floral meristem identity (SPL3, SPL15, AP3, BAM2), photoperiodic responses (COL2, AGL18, SPT, NF-YC4), gibberellic acid biosynthesis (GA1) and regulation of flowering (EBS). Some of the predicted genes were detected for DR subpanel alone. Genes controlling hormones, auxins and gibberellins appeared important for the regulation of plant height. Many of the significant SNPs were located on chromosomes harbouring previously reported QTLs and candidate genes. The identified loci may be used for marker-assisted selection after due validation.

 

See: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-020-03707-9

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