Welcome To Website IAS

Hot news
Achievement

Independence Award

- First Rank - Second Rank - Third Rank

Labour Award

- First Rank - Second Rank -Third Rank

National Award

 - Study on food stuff for animal(2005)

 - Study on rice breeding for export and domestic consumption(2005)

VIFOTEC Award

- Hybrid Maize by Single Cross V2002 (2003)

- Tomato Grafting to Manage Ralstonia Disease(2005)

- Cassava variety KM140(2010)

Centres
Website links
Vietnamese calendar
Library
Visitors summary
 Curently online :  4
 Total visitors :  4094203

Metabolic responses of rice source and sink organs during recovery from combined drought and heat stress in the field.
Thursday, 2019/09/05 | 08:17:39

Lawas LMF, Erban A, Kopka J, Jagadish SVK, Zuther E, Hincha DK.

Gigascience. 2019 Aug 1; 8(8). pii: giz102. doi: 10.1093/gigascience/giz102

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Drought and heat stress effects on rice have been extensively studied, in particular during the sensitive flowering and grain-filling stages. However, in the field these stresses usually occur together because reduced transpirational cooling under drought conditions results in increased plant tissue temperature. In addition, environmental stresses are usually transient and the ability to efficiently recover from stress may be at least as important for overall stress tolerance as the direct stress response itself. Nevertheless, nothing is known about recovery mechanisms after drought and heat stress in rice under field conditions.

RESULTS:

We have used gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-based metabolomics to elucidate the metabolic responses of flag leaves, flowering spikelets, and developing seeds from 3 rice cultivars differing in their drought and heat tolerance to rewatering after stress in the field. Within 60 hours after rewatering, many stress-responsive metabolites returned to their control levels, although recovery was not complete. In addition, control plants showed developmental differences that were revealed by metabolite profiles during 60 hours of post-stress sampling, in particular in developing seeds. Correlation analysis identified several metabolites as marker candidates for the stability of grain yield or quality under conditions of combined drought and heat stress.

CONCLUSIONS:

The rewatering responses of stressed plants seemed to be a combination of the reversal of stress effects and reinitiation of development after stress relief. The identified potential markers can be useful in efforts to breed stress-tolerant rice germplasm to ensure food availability under changing climate conditions.

 

See https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6703437/

Figure 1:

Principal component analysis (PCA) of rice metabolite profiles. Scores of the first 2 principal components (PC1 and PC2) from PCA of the metabolite profiles of flag leaves at the flowering stage (A), flag leaves at the early grain-filling stage (B), flowering spikelets (C), and developing seeds (D) collected under control and severe stress conditions, and 12, 36, and 60 hours after rewatering. Samples were collected from the cultivars N22, Dular, and Anjali in 3 experiments (n = 12–15 per organ per condition). Scores shown are averages of the median-normalized and log10-transformed values of 81, 88, and 67 metabolites in flag leaves, flowering spikelets, and developing seeds, respectively, that were detected in common across the 3 experiments.

Back      Print      View: 26

[ Other News ]___________________________________________________
  • Genome-wide analysis of autophagy-associated genes in foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) and characterization of the function of SiATG8a in conferring tolerance to nitrogen starvation in rice.
  • Arabidopsis small nucleolar RNA monitors the efficient pre-rRNA processing during ribosome biogenesis
  • XA21-specific induction of stress-related genes following Xanthomonas infection of detached rice leaves.
  • Reducing the Use of Pesticides with Site-Specific Application: The Chemical Control of Rhizoctonia solani as a Case of Study for the Management of Soil-Borne Diseases
  • OsJRL, a rice jacalin-related mannose-binding lectin gene, enhances Escherichia coli viability under high-salinity stress and improves salinity tolerance of rice.
  • Production of lipopeptide biosurfactants by Bacillus atrophaeus 5-2a and their potential use in microbial enhanced oil recovery.
  • GhABF2, a bZIP transcription factor, confers drought and salinity tolerance in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.).
  • Resilience of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) to salinity: implications for food security in low-lying regions.
  • Cellulose synthase complexes act in a concerted fashion to synthesize highly aggregated cellulose in secondary cell walls of plants
  • No adverse effects of transgenic maize on population dynamics of endophytic Bacillus subtilis strain B916-gfp
  • Identification and expression analysis of OsLPR family revealed the potential roles of OsLPR3 and 5 in maintaining phosphate homeostasis in rice
  • Functional analysis of molecular interactions in synthetic auxin response circuits
  • Titanium dioxide nanoparticles strongly impact soil microbial function by affecting archaeal nitrifiers.
  • Inducible Expression of the De-Novo Designed Antimicrobial Peptide SP1-1 in Tomato Confers Resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria.
  • Toward combined delignification and saccharification of wheat straw by a laccase-containing designer cellulosome
  • SNP-based discovery of salinity-tolerant QTLs in a bi-parental population of rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Pinpointing genes underlying the quantitative trait loci for root-knot nematode resistance in palaeopolyploid soybean by whole genome resequencing.
  • Transcriptome- Assisted Label-Free Quantitative Proteomics Analysis Reveals Novel Insights into Piper nigrum -Phytophthora capsici Phytopathosystem.
  • Brassinosteroids participate in the control of basal and acquired freezing tolerance of plants
  • Rapid hyperosmotic-induced Ca2+ responses in Arabidopsis thaliana exhibit sensory potentiation and involvement of plastidial KEA transporters
Designed & Powered by WEBSO CO.,LTD