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Assessing the between-country genetic correlation in maize yield using German and Polish official variety trials
Saturday, 2022/10/01 | 09:35:12

Waqas Ahmed MalikHarimurti BuntaranMarcin PrzystalskiTomasz Lenartowicz & Hans-Peter Piepho

Theoretical and Applied Genetics Sept. 2022; vol. 135: 3025–3038

Key message

We assess the genetic gain and genetic correlation in maize yield using German and Polish official variety trials. The random coefficient models were fitted to assess the genetic correlation.

Abstract

Official variety testing is performed in many countries by statutory agencies in order to identify the best candidates and make decisions on the addition to the national list. Neighbouring countries can have similarities in agroecological conditions, so it is worthwhile to consider a joint analysis of data from national list trials to assess the similarity in performance of those varieties tested in both countries. Here, maize yield data from official German and Poland variety trials for cultivation and use (VCU) were analysed for the period from 1987 to 2017. Several statistical models that incorporate environmental covariates were fitted. The best fitting model was used to compute estimates of genotype main effects for each country. It is demonstrated that a model with random genotype-by-country effects can be used to borrow strength across countries. The genetic correlation between cultivars from the two countries equalled 0.89. The analysis based on agroecological zones showed high correlation between zones in the two countries. The results also showed that 22 agroecological zones in Germany can be merged into five zones, whereas the six zones in Poland had very high correlation and can be considered as a single zone for maize. The 43 common varieties which were tested in both countries performed equally in both countries. The mean performances of these common varieties in both countries were highly correlated.

 

See https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-022-04164-2

 

Figure 1: Application of nitrogen in field trials in Germany and Poland from 1987 to 2018.

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