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Effects of the quantitative trait locus qPss3 on inhibition of photoperiod sensitivity and resistance to stalk rot disease in maize
Thursday, 2023/06/08 | 08:16:14

Feili DuYiyuan TaoChuanyu MaMang ZhuChenyu Guo & Mingliang Xu

Theoretical and Applied Genetics June 2023; vol. 136, Article number: 126

 

Figure: Stalk Rot Diseases Including Anthracnose Top Dieback Developing in Some Fields (Jackson- Ziems t al. 2016)

Key message

We identified a quantitative trait locus, qPss3 , and fine-mapped the causal locus to a 120-kb interval in maize. This locus inhibits the photoperiod sensitivity caused by ZmCCT9 and ZmCCT10 , resulting in earlier flowering by 2 ~ 4 days without reduction in stalk-rot resistance in certain genotypes.

Abstract

Photoperiod sensitivity is a key factor affecting the adaptation of maize (Zea mays L.) to high-latitude growing areas. Although many genes associated with flowering time have been identified in maize, no gene that inhibits photoperiod sensitivity has been reported. In our previous study, we detected large differences in photoperiod sensitivity among maize inbred lines with the same photoperiod-sensitive allele at the ZmCCT10 locus. Here, we used two segregating populations with the same genetic backgrounds but different ZmCCT10 alleles to perform quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis. We identified a unique QTL, qPss3, on chromosome 3 in the population carrying the sensitive ZmCCT10 allele. After sequential fine-mapping, we eventually delimited qPss3 to an interval of ~ 120 kb. qPss3 behaved as a dominant locus and caused earlier flowering by 2–4 days via inhibiting ZmCCT10-induced photoperiod sensitivity under long-day conditions. qPss3 also inhibited the photoperiod sensitivity induced by another flowering-related gene, ZmCCT9. For application in agriculture, an F1 hybrid heterozygous at both qPss3 and ZmCCT10 loci constitutes an optimal allele combination, showing high resistance to stalk rot without a significant delay in flowering time. Moreover, qPss3 is of great value in regulating the flowering time of tropical maize grown at high-latitude regions.

 

See https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-023-04370-6

 

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