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Haplotype variants of Sr46 in Aegilops tauschii, the diploid D genome progenitor of wheat
Friday, 2022/09/09 | 08:06:25

Naveenkumar AthiyannanYunming LongHouyang KangSutha ChandramohanDhara BhattQijun ZhangDaryl L. KlindworthMatthew N. RouseTimothy L. FriesenRobert McIntoshPeng ZhangKerrie ForrestMathew HaydenMehran PatpourMogens S. HovmøllerLee T. HickeyMichael AyliffeXiwen CaiEvans S. LagudahSambasivam Periyannan & Steven S. Xu

Theoretical and Applied Genetics August 2022; vol. 135: 2627–2639

Key message

Stem rust resistance genes, SrRL5271 and Sr672.1 as well as SrCPI110651 , from Aegilops tauschii, the diploid D genome progenitor of wheat, are sequence variants of Sr46 differing by 1–2 nucleotides leading to non-synonymous amino acid substitutions.

Abstract

The Aegilops tauschii (wheat D-genome progenitor) accessions RL 5271 and CPI110672 were identified as resistant to multiple races (including the Ug99) of the wheat stem rust pathogen Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (Pgt). This study was conducted to identify the stem rust resistance (Sr) gene(s) in both accessions. Genetic analysis of the resistance in RL 5271 identified a single dominant allele (SrRL5271) controlling resistance, whereas resistance segregated at two loci (SR672.1 and SR672.2) for a cross of CPI110672. Bulked segregant analysis placed SrRL5271 and Sr672.1 in a region on chromosome arm 2DS that encodes Sr46. Molecular marker screening, mapping and genomic sequence analysis demonstrated SrRL5271 and Sr672.1 are alleles of Sr46. The amino acid sequence of SrRL5271 and Sr672.1 is identical but differs from Sr46 (hereafter referred to as Sr46_h1 by following the gene nomenclature in wheat) by a single amino acid (N763K) and is thus designated Sr46_h2. Screening of a panel of Ae. tauschii accessions identified an additional allelic variant that differed from Sr46_h2 by a different amino acid (A648V) and was designated Sr46_h3. By contrast, the protein encoded by the susceptible allele of Ae. tauschii accession AL8/78 differed from these resistance proteins by 54 amino acid substitutions (94% nucleotide sequence gene identity). Cloning and complementation tests of the three resistance haplotypes confirmed their resistance to Pgt race 98-1,2,3,5,6 and partial resistance to Pgt race TTRTF in bread wheat. The three Sr46 haplotypes, with no virulent races detected yet, represent a valuable source for improving stem resistance in wheat.

 

See https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-022-04132-w

 

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