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Activation of cyclic electron flow by hydrogen peroxide in vivo
Sunday, 2015/05/03 | 05:28:29

Deserah D. Strand, Aaron K. Livingston, Mio Satoh-Cruz, John E. Froehlich, Veronica G. Maurino, and David M. Kramer

http://www.uic.edu/classes/bios/bios100/lectures/10_15_electron_cycling-L.jpg Subject: Plant Physiology

Significance

Cyclic electron flow around photosystem I (CEF) is critical for balancing the energy budget of photosynthesis, but its regulation is not well understood. Our results provide evidence that hydrogen peroxide, which is produced as a result of imbalances in chloroplast redox state, acts as a signaling agent to activate CEF in higher plants in vivo.

Abstract

Cyclic electron flow (CEF) around photosystem I is thought to balance the ATP/NADPH energy budget of photosynthesis, requiring that its rate be finely regulated. The mechanisms of this regulation are not well understood. We observed that mutants that exhibited constitutively high rates of CEF also showed elevated production of H2O2. We thus tested the hypothesis that CEF can be activated by H2O2 in vivo. CEF was strongly increased by H2O2 both by infiltration or in situ production by chloroplast-localized glycolate oxidase, implying that H2O2 can activate CEF either directly by redox modulation of key enzymes, or indirectly by affecting other photosynthetic processes. CEF appeared with a half time of about 20 min after exposure to H2O2, suggesting activation of previously expressed CEF-related machinery. H2O2-dependent CEF was not sensitive to antimycin A or loss of PGR5, indicating that increased CEF probably does not involve the PGR5-PGRL1 associated pathway. In contrast, the rise in CEF was not observed in a mutant deficient in the chloroplast NADPH:PQ reductase (NDH), supporting the involvement of this complex in CEF activated by H2O2. We propose that H2O2 is a missing link between environmental stress, metabolism, and redox regulation of CEF in higher plants.

 

See: http://www.pnas.org/content/112/17/5539.abstract.html?etoc

PNAS April 28, 2015 vol. 112 no. 17 5539-5544

 

Fig. 2.

Fig. 2. GO5 shows increased CEF relative to Col-0. (A) Light-driven proton flux (vH+vH+vH+) plotted against LEF in attached Col-0 (●) and GO5 (○) leaves. (B) Calculated relative CEF contributions from intact leaves and leaves infiltrated with 20 μM antimycin A (AA). Mean ± (A) SD (n = 3) or (B) SEM (n ≥ 3). Asterisk indicates statistical significance from Col-0; no significant differences were seen between water and AA within genotype.

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