Welcome To Website IAS

Hot news

Independence Award

- First Rank - Second Rank - Third Rank

Labour Award

- First Rank - Second Rank -Third Rank

National Award

 - Study on food stuff for animal(2005)

 - Study on rice breeding for export and domestic consumption(2005)


- Hybrid Maize by Single Cross V2002 (2003)

- Tomato Grafting to Manage Ralstonia Disease(2005)

- Cassava variety KM140(2010)

Website links
Vietnamese calendar
Visitors summary
 Curently online :  13
 Total visitors :  7427006

Augmenting tomato functional genomics with a genome-wide induced genetic variation resource
Thursday, 2024/02/15 | 06:20:06

Prateek GuptaPankaj Singh DholaniyaKunnappady PrincyAthira Sethu MadhavanYellamaraju SreelakshmiRameshwar Sharma

Front Plant Sci.; 2024 Jan 24: 14:1290937. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2023.1290937.



Induced mutations accelerate crop improvement by providing novel disease resistance and yield alleles. However, the alleles with no perceptible phenotype but have an altered function remain hidden in mutagenized plants. The whole-genome sequencing (WGS) of mutagenized individuals uncovers the complete spectrum of mutations in the genome. Genome-wide induced mutation resources can improve the targeted breeding of tomatoes and facilitate functional genomics. In this study, we sequenced 132 doubly ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS)-mutagenized lines of tomato and detected approximately 41 million novel mutations and 5.5 million short InDels not present in the parental cultivar. Approximately 97% of the genome had mutations, including the genes, promoters, UTRs, and introns. More than one-third of genes in the mutagenized population had one or more deleterious mutations predicted by Sorting Intolerant From Tolerant (SIFT). Nearly one-fourth of deleterious genes mapped on tomato metabolic pathways modulate multiple pathway steps. In addition to the reported GC>AT transition bias for EMS, our population also had a substantial number of AT>GC transitions. Comparing mutation frequency among synonymous codons revealed that the most preferred codon is the least mutagenic toward EMS. The validation of a potato leaf-like mutation, reduction in carotenoids in ζ-carotene isomerase mutant fruits, and chloroplast relocation loss in phototropin1 mutant validated the mutation discovery pipeline. Our database makes a large repertoire of mutations accessible to functional genomics studies and breeding of tomatoes.


See https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/38328621/


Figure 1: The spectrum of nucleotides changes in the mutagenized population. (A) The magnitude of changes in the different nucleotides in the mutagenized population. (B, C) The percent nucleotide changes in the whole genome (B) and coding sequence (CDS) (C)(D) The flanking sequence (20 bp) on either side of the mutations in the genome. The 0 bp represents the site of mutation. The bars depict the percent nucleotides at a given position in the sequence. The colors represent the individual nucleotides with annotations indicated below the graph.

Back      Print      View: 65

[ Other News ]___________________________________________________
  • Genome-wide analysis of autophagy-associated genes in foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) and characterization of the function of SiATG8a in conferring tolerance to nitrogen starvation in rice.
  • Arabidopsis small nucleolar RNA monitors the efficient pre-rRNA processing during ribosome biogenesis
  • XA21-specific induction of stress-related genes following Xanthomonas infection of detached rice leaves.
  • Reducing the Use of Pesticides with Site-Specific Application: The Chemical Control of Rhizoctonia solani as a Case of Study for the Management of Soil-Borne Diseases
  • OsJRL, a rice jacalin-related mannose-binding lectin gene, enhances Escherichia coli viability under high-salinity stress and improves salinity tolerance of rice.
  • Production of lipopeptide biosurfactants by Bacillus atrophaeus 5-2a and their potential use in microbial enhanced oil recovery.
  • GhABF2, a bZIP transcription factor, confers drought and salinity tolerance in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.).
  • Resilience of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) to salinity: implications for food security in low-lying regions.
  • Cellulose synthase complexes act in a concerted fashion to synthesize highly aggregated cellulose in secondary cell walls of plants
  • No adverse effects of transgenic maize on population dynamics of endophytic Bacillus subtilis strain B916-gfp
  • Identification and expression analysis of OsLPR family revealed the potential roles of OsLPR3 and 5 in maintaining phosphate homeostasis in rice
  • Functional analysis of molecular interactions in synthetic auxin response circuits
  • Titanium dioxide nanoparticles strongly impact soil microbial function by affecting archaeal nitrifiers.
  • Inducible Expression of the De-Novo Designed Antimicrobial Peptide SP1-1 in Tomato Confers Resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria.
  • Toward combined delignification and saccharification of wheat straw by a laccase-containing designer cellulosome
  • SNP-based discovery of salinity-tolerant QTLs in a bi-parental population of rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Pinpointing genes underlying the quantitative trait loci for root-knot nematode resistance in palaeopolyploid soybean by whole genome resequencing.
  • Transcriptome- Assisted Label-Free Quantitative Proteomics Analysis Reveals Novel Insights into Piper nigrum -Phytophthora capsici Phytopathosystem.
  • Brassinosteroids participate in the control of basal and acquired freezing tolerance of plants
  • Rapid hyperosmotic-induced Ca2+ responses in Arabidopsis thaliana exhibit sensory potentiation and involvement of plastidial KEA transporters


Designed & Powered by WEBSO CO.,LTD