Welcome To Website IAS

Hot news

Independence Award

- First Rank - Second Rank - Third Rank

Labour Award

- First Rank - Second Rank -Third Rank

National Award

 - Study on food stuff for animal(2005)

 - Study on rice breeding for export and domestic consumption(2005)


- Hybrid Maize by Single Cross V2002 (2003)

- Tomato Grafting to Manage Ralstonia Disease(2005)

- Cassava variety KM140(2010)

Website links
Vietnamese calendar
Visitors summary
 Curently online :  7
 Total visitors :  7710127

Critical slowing down of the Amazon forest after increased drought occurrence
Thursday, 2024/06/06 | 08:21:09

Johanna Van Passel, Paulo N. Bernardino, Stef Lhermitte, Bianca F. Rius, Marina Hirota, Timo Conradi, Wanda de Keersmaecker, Koenraad Van Meerbeek, and Ben Somers

PNAS, May 20, 2024; 121 (22) e2316924121


The increasing frequency and intensity of droughts in the Amazon rainforest raises concerns about potential forest dieback. However, the precise role of drought occurrences in this phenomenon remains unclear. We used trends in temporal autocorrelation of satellite-derived indices of vegetation activity as a proxy for the critical slowing down response of the Amazon and differentiated between drought frequency, intensity, and duration to investigate their respective effects on the slowing down response. We found that this slower recovery to perturbations prevails in regions experiencing more frequent, intense, and longer droughts, albeit with regional variations. Most of the Amazon does not show critical slowing down, but the predicted increase in droughts could disrupt this balance, signifying the importance of understanding these dynamics.


Dynamic ecosystems, such as the Amazon forest, are expected to show critical slowing down behavior, or slower recovery from recurrent small perturbations, as they approach an ecological threshold to a different ecosystem state. Drought occurrences are becoming more prevalent across the Amazon, with known negative effects on forest health and functioning, but their actual role in the critical slowing down patterns still remains elusive. In this study, we evaluate the effect of trends in extreme drought occurrences on temporal autocorrelation (TAC) patterns of satellite-derived indices of vegetation activity, an indicator of slowing down, between 2001 and 2019. Differentiating between extreme drought frequency, intensity, and duration, we investigate their respective effects on the slowing down response. Our results indicate that the intensity of extreme droughts is a more important driver of slowing down than their duration, although their impacts vary across the different Amazon regions. In addition, areas with more variable precipitation are already less ecologically stable and need fewer droughts to induce slowing down. We present findings indicating that most of the Amazon region does not show an increasing trend in TAC. However, the predicted increase in extreme drought intensity and frequency could potentially transition significant portions of this ecosystem into a state with altered functionality.


See https://www.pnas.org/doi/10.1073/pnas.2316924121


Back      Print      View: 73

[ Other News ]___________________________________________________
  • Auxin depletion from leaf primordia contributes to organ patterning
  • Phytochrome controls alternative splicing to mediate light responses in Arabidopsis
  • Maternal temperature history activates Flowering Locus T in fruits to control progeny dormancy according to time of year
  • Identification and evaluation of quantitative trait loci underlying resistance to multiple HG types of soybean cyst nematode in soybean PI 437655
  • Factor analytic mixed models for the provision of grower information from national crop variety testing programs
  • Exploring the areas of applicability of whole genome prediction methods for Asian rice (Oryza sativa L.)
  • Investigation of terpene diversification across multiple sequenced plant genomes
  • Arabidopsis ribosomal proteins control vacuole trafficking and developmental programs through the regulation of lipid metabolism
  • Effect of the ahas Transgene on Biological Nitrogen Fixation and Yield of Soybean
  • Arabidopsis ROCK1 transports UDP-GlcNAc/UDP-GalNAc and regulates ER protein quality control and cytokinin activity
  • A peripheral endocannabinoid mechanism contributes to glucocorticoid-mediated metabolic syndrome
  • High-Resolution Linkage Map and Chromosome-Scale Genome Assembly for Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) from 10 Populations
  • Analysis of the Transcriptome of Banana Fruit during Ripening
  • Nitric oxide negatively regulates abscisic acid signaling in guard cells by S-nitrosylation of OST1
  • Salt Tolerant Gene in Soybean Identified
  • Climate change decouples oceanic primary and export productivity and organic carbon burial
  • Evolution of the H9N2 influenza genotype that facilitated the genesis of the novel H7N9 virus
  • 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine Is Not Present in Appreciable Quantities in Arabidopsis DNA
  • Fine mapping of the qLOP2 and qPSR2 1 loci associated with chilling stress tolerance of wild rice seedlings
  • Natural diversity in daily rhythms of gene expression contributes to phenotypic variation


Designed & Powered by WEBSO CO.,LTD