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Fine mapping of ClLOX, a QTL for powdery mildew resistance in watermelon (Citrullus lanatus L.)
Wednesday, 2024/02/21 | 08:28:28

Yun Deng, Xin LiuShoucheng LiuXiaoni LiLifang XueTian BaiBinghua XuGuoqing LiYudong Sun & Xingping Zhang

Theoretical and Applied Genetics; Published 19 February 2024; vol. 137, article 51

Key message

ClLOX, is located on chromosome 2 and encodes a lipoxygenase gene, which induced watermelon powdery mildew resistance by inhibiting pathogen spread.

Abstract

Powdery mildew is one of the most severe fungal diseases reducing yield and quality of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus L.) and other cucurbit crops. Genes responsible for powdery mildew resistance in watermelon are highly valuable. In this study, we first identified the QTL pm-lox for powdery mildew resistance in watermelon, located within a 0.93 Mb interval of chromosome 2, via XP-GWAS method using two F2 populations. The F2:3 families from one of the F2 populations were then used for fine-mapping the pm-lox locus into a 9,883 bp physical region between 29,581,906 and 29,591,789, containing only two annotated genes. Of these, only ClG42_02g0161300 showed a significant differential expression between the resistant and susceptible lines after powdery mildew inoculation based on RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and qRT-PCR analysis, and is designated ClLOX. Derived Cleaved Amplified Polymorphic Sequence (dCAPs) markers were developed and validated. In addition, our tests showed that the resistance was anti-spread rather than anti-infection of the pathogen. This study identified a new resistance gene (ClLOX), provided insights into the mechanism of powdery mildew resistance, and developed a molecular marker for watermelon breeding.

 

See: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-023-04520-w

 

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