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Genetic gains in IRRI`s rice salinity breeding and elite panel development as a future breeding resource
Tuesday, 2024/02/06 | 06:24:45

Mahender AnumallaJoie RamosMa Teresa Sta. CruzMargaret CatolosAndres Godwin SajiseGlenn GregorioShalabh DixitJauhar AliMd. Rafiqul IslamVikas Kumar SinghMd. Akhlasur RahmanHasina KhatunDaniel Joseph PisanoSankalp Bhosale & Waseem Hussain

Theoretical and Applied Genetics; vol. 137; article 37

 

Key message

Estimating genetic gains and formulating a future salinity elite breeding panel for rice pave the way for developing better high-yielding salinity tolerant lines with enhanced genetic gains.

Abstract

Genetic gain is a crucial parameter to check the breeding program's success and help optimize future breeding strategies for enhanced genetic gains. To estimate the genetic gains in IRRI’s salinity breeding program and identify the best genotypes based on high breeding values for grain yield (kg/ha), we analyzed the historical data from the trials conducted in the IRRI, Philippines and Bangladesh. A two-stage mixed-model approach accounting for experimental design factors and a relationship matrix was fitted to obtain the breeding values for grain yield and estimate genetic trends. A positive genetic trend of 0.1% per annum with a yield advantage of 1.52 kg/ha was observed in IRRI, Philippines. In Bangladesh, we observed a genetic gain of 0.31% per annum with a yield advantage of 14.02 kg/ha. In the released varieties, we observed a genetic gain of 0.12% per annum with a 2.2 kg/ha/year yield advantage in the IRRI, Philippines. For the Bangladesh dataset, a genetic gain of 0.14% per annum with a yield advantage of 5.9 kg/ha/year was observed in the released varieties. Based on breeding values for grain yield, a core set of the top 145 genotypes with higher breeding values of > 2400 kg/ha in the IRRI, Philippines, and > 3500 kg/ha in Bangladesh with a reliability of > 0.4 were selected to develop the elite breeding panel. Conclusively, a recurrent selection breeding strategy integrated with novel technologies like genomic selection and speed breeding is highly required to achieve higher genetic gains in IRRI’s salinity breeding programs.

 

See https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-024-04545-9

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