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Unveiling the crucial role of soil microorganisms in carbon cycling: A review
Sunday, 2024/02/18 | 07:09:13

Haowei WuHuiling CuiChenxi FuRan LiFengyuan QiZhelun LiuGuang YangKeqing XiaoMin Qiao.

Sci Total Environ.; 2024 Jan 20: 909:168627. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.168627.17.

 

Figure: Carbon turnover is achieved in plant-soil-microorganism.

 

Abstract

Soil microorganisms, by actively participating in the decomposition and transformation of organic matter through diverse metabolic pathways, play a pivotal role in carbon cycling within soil systems and contribute to the stabilization of organic carbon, thereby influencing soil carbon storage and turnover. Investigating the processes, mechanisms, and driving factors of soil microbial carbon cycling is crucial for understanding the functionality of terrestrial carbon sinks and effectively addressing climate change. This review comprehensively discusses the role of soil microorganisms in soil carbon cycling from three perspectives: metabolic pathways, microbial communities, and environmental influences. It elucidates the roles of different microbial species in carbon cycling and highlights the impact of microbial interactions and environmental factors on carbon cycling. Through the synthesis of 2171 relevant papers in the Web of Science Core database, we elucidated the ecological community structure, activity, and assembly mechanisms of soil microorganisms crucial to the soil carbon cycle that have been widely analyzed. The integration of soil microbial carbon cycle and its driving factors are vital for accurately predicting and modeling biogeochemical cycles and effectively addressing the challenges posed by global climate change. Such integration is vital for accurately predicting and modeling biogeochemical cycles and effectively addressing the challenges posed by global climate change.

 

See https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37977383/

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