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 - Study on food stuff for animal(2005)

 - Study on rice breeding for export and domestic consumption(2005)

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- Hybrid Maize by Single Cross V2002 (2003)

- Tomato Grafting to Manage Ralstonia Disease(2005)

- Cassava variety KM140(2010)

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 Curently online :  3
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Monday, 2020/01/27 | 06:03:47

Heterotrimeric G proteins are important transducers of receptor signaling, functioning in plants with CLAVATA receptors in controlling shoot meristem size and with pathogen-associated molecular pattern receptors in basal immunity. However, whether specific members of the heterotrimeric complex potentiate cross-talk between development and defense, and the extent to which these functions are conserved across species, have not yet been addressed. Here we used CRISPR/Cas9 to knock out the maize G protein β subunit gene () and found that the mutants are lethal, differing from those in Arabidopsis, in which homologous mutants have normal growth and fertility. We show that lethality is caused not by a specific developmental arrest, but by autoimmunity.

Sunday, 2020/01/26 | 04:59:03

Black spot, caused by Diplocarpon rosae, is one of the most serious foliar diseases of landscape roses that reduces the marketability and weakens the plants against winter survival. Genetic resistance to black spot (BS) exists and race-specific resistance is a good target to implement marker-assisted selection. High-density single nucleotide polymorphism-based genetic maps were created for the female parent of a tetraploid cross between ‘CA60’ and ‘Singing in the Rain’ using genotyping-by-sequencing following a two-way pseudo-testcross strategy.

Saturday, 2020/01/25 | 06:44:47

DNA test is broadly used in diagnosis of crop disease and identification of genetic modified organism (GMO) in agriculture. However, rapid, low-cost, user-friendly, and field-deployable DNA test method is still limit. Recently, the RNA programmable nuclease of CRISPR/Cas is engineered as a new nucleic acid detection platform, but their application in plant remains to explore. In this study, we evaluated the Cas12a-based DNA detection for crop disease diagnosis and GMO test. A total of 14 crRNAs were designed to target two Magnaporthe oryzae genes and a synthetic Cry1C gene which encodes Bacillus thuringiensis δ-endotoxin and has been used to develop transgenic rice cultivar (Bt-rice) in China.

Friday, 2020/01/24 | 04:40:15

The fruit of ‘Dangshansuli’ pear is yellowish green in colour, while that of its mutant ‘Xiusu’ is russet in colour. A differentially expressed gene, PbSPMS, was screened from the transcriptomes of the exocarps of ‘Dangshansuli’ and ‘Xiusu’ fruit. To understand the role of PbSPMS in the russet exocarp formation of ‘Xiusu’, the expression of the PbSPMS gene in the exocarp of ‘Dangshansuli’ and ‘Xiusu’ at different stages of development was analysed. The functions of the PbSPMS gene in phenolic synthesis and suberin and polyamine (PA) deposition in Arabidopsis plants and the responses to drought and salt stress were also studied.

Thursday, 2020/01/23 | 03:25:50

The soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Heterodera glycines, is the most serious pathogen of soybean production throughout the world. Using resistant cultivars is the primary management strategy against SCN infestation. To gain insight into the still obscure mechanisms of genetic resistance to nematodes in different soybean genotypes, RNA-Seq profiling of the roots of Glycine max cv. Peking, Fayette, Williams 82, and a wild relative (Glycine soja PI 468916) was performed during SCN infection at the migratory phase. The analysis showed statistically significant changes of expression beginning at eight hours after inoculation in genes associated with defense mechanisms and pathways, such as the phenylpropanoid biosynthesis pathway, plant innate immunity and hormone signaling.

Thursday, 2020/01/23 | 03:26:05

Sesame is a high-height crop. Here we systematically analyzed the morphological and genetic characters of the sesame dwarf mutant dw607 (dwf1 type). The plant height and the internode length of dw607 significantly declined, while the thousand seed weight (TSW) significantly increased (P < 0.01). The cell size of stem parenchyma and pith tissue reduced, and vascular bundle cells and parenchyma tissue arranged much tighter in the dwarf mutant.

Tuesday, 2020/01/21 | 04:38:10

The presumed advantages of multiparent advanced generation intercross (MAGIC) population in quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping were not fully utilized in the previous studies in which genome-wide association studies (GWAS) were conducted at only single nucleotide polymorphism level. In this study, we genotyped a rice four-way MAGIC population of 247 F7 lines and their parents by sequencing. A total of 5934 bins with an average length of 65 kb were constructed and covered 97% of the genome. The MAGIC population showed low population structure and balanced parental contributions.

Monday, 2020/01/20 | 08:23:58

The Cucurbitaceae family hosts many economically important fruit vegetables (cucurbits) such as cucumber, melon, watermelon, pumpkin/squash, and various gourds. The cucurbits are probably best known for the diverse fruit sizes and shapes, but little is known about their genetic basis and molecular regulation. Here, we reviewed the literature on fruit size (FS), shape (FSI), and fruit weight (FW) QTL identified in cucumber, melon, and watermelon, from which 150 consensus QTL for these traits were inferred. Genome-wide survey of the three cucurbit genomes identified 253 homologs of eight classes of fruit or grain size/weight-related genes cloned in Arabidopsis, tomato, and rice that encode proteins containing the characteristic CNR (cell number regulator), CSR (cell size regulator), CYP78A (cytochrome P450), SUN, OVATE, TRM (TONNEAU1 Recruiting Motif), YABBY, and WOX domains.

Sunday, 2020/01/19 | 06:05:49

Single-nucleotide polymorphisms contribute to phenotypic diversity in maize. Creation and functional annotation of point mutations has been limited by the low efficiency of conventional methods based on random mutation. An efficient tool for generating targeted single-base mutations is desirable for both functional genomics and precise genetic improvement. The objective of this study was to test the efficiency of targeted C-to-T base editing of two non-allelic acetolactate synthase (ALS) in generating sulfonylurea herbicide-resistant mutants

Saturday, 2020/01/18 | 06:16:21

Myzus persicae is one of the most threatening insect pests that adversely affects pepper (Capsicum) cultivation. Resistance to aphids was previously identified in Capsicum baccatum. This study aimed at elucidating the genetics of aphid resistance in C. baccatum. A QTL analysis was carried out for M. persicae resistance in an F2 population derived from an intraspecific cross between a highly resistant plant and a susceptible plant. Survival and reproduction were used as resistance parameters.

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