Welcome To Website IAS

Hot news

Independence Award

- First Rank - Second Rank - Third Rank

Labour Award

- First Rank - Second Rank -Third Rank

National Award

 - Study on food stuff for animal(2005)

 - Study on rice breeding for export and domestic consumption(2005)


- Hybrid Maize by Single Cross V2002 (2003)

- Tomato Grafting to Manage Ralstonia Disease(2005)

- Cassava variety KM140(2010)

Website links
Vietnamese calendar
Visitors summary
 Curently online :  7
 Total visitors :  7710114

ZmPILS6 is an auxin efflux carrier required for maize root morphogenesis
Friday, 2024/05/31 | 08:27:10

Craig L. Cowling, Arielle L. Homayouni, Jodi B. Callwood, Maxwell R. McReynolds, Jasper Khor, Haiyan Ke, Melissa A. Draves, Katayoon Dehesh, Justin W. Walley, Lucia C. Strader, and Dior R. Kelley

PNAS May 28, 2024, vol. 121 no. 22

Figure: The molecular and hormonal pathways of CR and BR development in maize. Arrows indicate positive regulation, and lines with a flat head represent negative regulation (Singh et al. 2022).


Roots are a key organ for water and nutrient uptake in plants. Changes in root architecture can impact yield and resilience to stress in crops. To find factors that contribute to root development in corn, a genetic screen was performed. Herein, we identify a hormone transporter that influences numerous root traits of agronomic significance. This work has implications for translational approaches aimed at improving cereal crops.


Plant root systems play a pivotal role in plant physiology and exhibit diverse phenotypic traits. Understanding the genetic mechanisms governing root growth and development in model plants like maize is crucial for enhancing crop resilience to drought and nutrient limitations. This study focused on identifying and characterizing ZmPILS6, an annotated auxin efflux carrier, as a key regulator of various crown root traits in maize. ZmPILS6-modified roots displayed reduced network area and suppressed lateral root formation, which are desirable traits for the “steep, cheap, and deep” ideotype. The research revealed that ZmPILS6 localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and plays a vital role in controlling the spatial distribution of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA or “auxin”) in primary roots. The study also demonstrated that ZmPILS6 can actively efflux IAA when expressed in yeast. Furthermore, the loss of ZmPILS6 resulted in significant proteome remodeling in maize roots, particularly affecting hormone signaling pathways. To identify potential interacting partners of ZmPILS6, a weighted gene coexpression analysis was performed. Altogether, this research contributes to the growing knowledge of essential genetic determinants governing maize root morphogenesis, which is crucial for guiding agricultural improvement strategies.


See https://www.pnas.org/doi/10.1073/pnas.2313216121


Back      Print      View: 77

[ Other News ]___________________________________________________
  • Genome-wide analysis of autophagy-associated genes in foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) and characterization of the function of SiATG8a in conferring tolerance to nitrogen starvation in rice.
  • Arabidopsis small nucleolar RNA monitors the efficient pre-rRNA processing during ribosome biogenesis
  • XA21-specific induction of stress-related genes following Xanthomonas infection of detached rice leaves.
  • Reducing the Use of Pesticides with Site-Specific Application: The Chemical Control of Rhizoctonia solani as a Case of Study for the Management of Soil-Borne Diseases
  • OsJRL, a rice jacalin-related mannose-binding lectin gene, enhances Escherichia coli viability under high-salinity stress and improves salinity tolerance of rice.
  • Production of lipopeptide biosurfactants by Bacillus atrophaeus 5-2a and their potential use in microbial enhanced oil recovery.
  • GhABF2, a bZIP transcription factor, confers drought and salinity tolerance in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.).
  • Resilience of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) to salinity: implications for food security in low-lying regions.
  • Cellulose synthase complexes act in a concerted fashion to synthesize highly aggregated cellulose in secondary cell walls of plants
  • No adverse effects of transgenic maize on population dynamics of endophytic Bacillus subtilis strain B916-gfp
  • Identification and expression analysis of OsLPR family revealed the potential roles of OsLPR3 and 5 in maintaining phosphate homeostasis in rice
  • Functional analysis of molecular interactions in synthetic auxin response circuits
  • Titanium dioxide nanoparticles strongly impact soil microbial function by affecting archaeal nitrifiers.
  • Inducible Expression of the De-Novo Designed Antimicrobial Peptide SP1-1 in Tomato Confers Resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria.
  • Toward combined delignification and saccharification of wheat straw by a laccase-containing designer cellulosome
  • SNP-based discovery of salinity-tolerant QTLs in a bi-parental population of rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Pinpointing genes underlying the quantitative trait loci for root-knot nematode resistance in palaeopolyploid soybean by whole genome resequencing.
  • Transcriptome- Assisted Label-Free Quantitative Proteomics Analysis Reveals Novel Insights into Piper nigrum -Phytophthora capsici Phytopathosystem.
  • Brassinosteroids participate in the control of basal and acquired freezing tolerance of plants
  • Rapid hyperosmotic-induced Ca2+ responses in Arabidopsis thaliana exhibit sensory potentiation and involvement of plastidial KEA transporters


Designed & Powered by WEBSO CO.,LTD