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Interactions and links among the noncoding RNAs in plants under stresses

Plants can respond to biotic or abiotic stresses. To cope with various conditions, numerous intricate molecular regulatory mechanisms have evolved in plants. Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) can be divided into small noncoding RNAs (sRNAs), long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and circular RNAs (circRNAs). Emerging evidence has demonstrated that interplay among the ncRNAs acts as a novel layer in the regulatory mechanisms,

Xiaoxu ZhouJun CuiJun Meng & Yushi Luan

Theoretical and Applied Genetics Dec. 2020; vol. 133:3235–3248.

Key message

The complex interplay among sRNAs, lncRNAs and circRNAs has been implicated in plants under biotic and abiotic stresses. Here, we review current advances in our understanding of ncRNA interactions and links, which have considerable potential for improving the agronomic traits and the environmental adaptability of plants.

Abstract

Plants can respond to biotic or abiotic stresses. To cope with various conditions, numerous intricate molecular regulatory mechanisms have evolved in plants. Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) can be divided into small noncoding RNAs (sRNAs), long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and circular RNAs (circRNAs). Emerging evidence has demonstrated that interplay among the ncRNAs acts as a novel layer in the regulatory mechanisms, which has attracted substantial interest. Links between sRNAs can affect plant immune responses and development in synergistic or antagonistic manners. Additionally, multiple interactions between lncRNAs and sRNAs are involved in crop breeding, disease resistance and high tolerance to environmental stresses. Here, we summarize current knowledge of the interactions and links among the ncRNAs in plant responses to stresses and the methods for identifying ncRNA interactions. Furthermore, challenges and prospects for further progress in elucidating ncRNA interactions and links are highlighted.

 

See: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-020-03690-1

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